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The longest word in English has 45 letters: ‘pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanoconiosis’! It is a type of lung disease caused by inhaling ash 

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Description :

The following sentence contains seven different spellings of the sound “ee”: ‘He believed Caesar could see people seizing the seas’.

Answer :

Do you know what is special about the following sentence? ‘The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog’. This type of sentence is called a ‘pangram’ as it uses every letter in the English language.

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Description :

The longest English word that can be spelled without repeating any letters is ‘uncopyrightable’.

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Description :

‘I am.’ is the shortest complete sentence in the English language.

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Description :

More English words begin with the letter ‘S’ than any other letter of the alphabet.

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Description :

‘E’ is the most commonly used letter in the English language. In fact, as many as one in eight of all the letters written in English is ‘e’.

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Description :

“By raising your legs slowly and lying on your back, you can't sink in quicksand.”

Answer :

Researchers in the Netherlands and France studied quicksand, which is a combination of fine sand, clay, and salt water. At rest, quicksand thickens with time, but it remains very sensitive to small variations in ... you need to lower the stress, which you can do by slowly trying to lie on your back.

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Description :

“The average sheet paper cannot be folded in half more than seven times.” 

Answer :

The number of layers of paper doubles with each fold. At about seven times folded, you can't apply enough leverage, and the fibres of the paper do not have enough flexibility for another fold. If you ... paper, you can get to 11 folds, or 2,048 layers, before you reach the limitations of folding.

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Description :

“You are one per cent shorter in the evening than in the morning.” 

Answer :

During the day when we are often engaged in performing our routine activities, the cartilage in our knees, and other parts begin to compress gradually. On the contrary, when we go to sleep, our body is at ... . This is one of the reasons why we are taller in the morning. However, only by one cm.

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Description :

“In a room of 23 people there’s a 50 per cent chance of two people sharing a birthday.” 

Answer :

This is a an example of the mathematical probability, and can be calculated by working out the probability that no one share a birthday, and then subtracting this from 1 or 100%. With a group of 75 people there’s a 99.9 per cent chance.

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Description :

“Scientists can un-boil an egg.” 

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First they added a urea substance to the egg to turn the cooked white back into a liquid. This is then put into a vortex fluid device, where the tangled proteins are spun and ... can help cancer researchers, pharmaceuticals, agricultural and other industries save a great deal of time and money

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Description :

“A worms mind has been mapped and replicated by scientists into a software that is now inside a Lego robot.”

Answer :

The Open Worm project has mapped the connections between the worm's 302 neurons and simulated them in software. Recently, they put that software program in a simple Lego robot. The worm's ... digitally, that means we might be able upload brains to a computer, thus achieving digital immortality.

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Description :

“Sound waves can be used to make objects levitate.”

Answer :

Levitation of objects using sound has been around for a few years. If you've ever stood in front of a large speaker you'll know that they can pump out what feels like quite a ... air corresponding the wavelength of the sound wave. To levitate something just requires creating a standing wave.

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Description :

“In 2011, a 75-year-old Georgian woman sliced some fibre optic cables and cut off the internet to two entire countries.”

Answer :

An elderly Georgian woman was scavenging for copper to sell as scrap when she accidentally sliced through an underground cable and cut off internet services to all of neighbouring Armenia. As ... pictures showed reporters at a news agency in the capital Yerevan staring glumly at blank screens.

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Description :

“It’s possible to turn peanut butter into diamonds.”

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Diamonds are composed of carbon atoms that have been heated and squeezed deep underground and then pushed toward the Earth's surface, where they cool. In trying to mimic these conditions, scientists have ... of a fennel seed, and they are also discoloured, due to impurities in the peanut butter. 

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Description :

“Mosquitoes have killed more humans than all the wars in history combined.”

Answer :

This is due to the viral disease mosquitoes can carry, including malaria, still one of the world’s most deadly diseases, killing 2.7 million people every year. 

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Description :

“The average person walks the equivalent of three times around the world in a lifetime.”

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The average moderately active person take around 7,500 steps per day. If you maintain that daily average and live until 80 years of age, you'll have walked about 216,262,500 steps in your ... average person with the average stride living until 80 will walk a distance of around 110,000 miles.

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Description :

“The average person spends 67 minutes per day eating and drinking beverages.” 

Answer :

Summed up together, the average person spends a staggering 32,000 hours eating and drinking in their lifetime – equivalent to 3 years and 8 months.

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Description :

“The entire internet weighs about the same as one large strawberry.” 

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The weight of all the electrons in the electricity required to make the internet work (assuming 100 million servers supporting the internet, and not including home PCs) is equivalent to 40 billion watts, which weighs about 50 grams.

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Description :

“The average toilet seat is much cleaner than the average toothbrush.”

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That’s because your teeth are home to around 10,000 million bacteria per square cm, whereas the average toilet seat only has 50 million bacteria per square inch.

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Description :

“The Inca tribe measurement of time was based on how long it took to boil a potato.” 

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They correlated units of time by how long it took potatoes to cook over fire.

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Description :

“Speaking extra languages delays dementia by five years or more.”

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If you want to stay sharp in old age, learning a language could be the best neural workout. When you consider the challenges for the brain, it's no wonder most of us find learning a ... monolinguals, while for those fluent in four or more languages, enjoyed an extra nine years of healthy cognition.

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Description :

“In England, it is most likely to be raining at 7am and least likely at 3am.” 

Answer :

The average English rain shower lasts two and half hours. The old countryman's sayings, "If rain begins at early morning light, 'twill end ere day at noon is bright," is almost always true: early morning rain usually clears by midday

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Description :

“On average, humans spend one third of their entire life sleeping.” 

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A good night's sleep is vital for every human being to survive. Given that an average a person sleeps for eight hours in a day, that means that an average person will sleep for 230,000 hours in their lifetime.

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Description :

“It would take light 100,000 years to travel from one end of our galaxy the Milky Way to the other.” 

Answer :

A light-year is a measurement of distance in space, and is defined by how far a beam of light travels in one year - a distance of six trillion (6,000,000,000,000) miles. That's nothing compared ... at one end of our galaxy takes 20 times longer than all of recorded history to get to the other end.

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Description :

“On Venus, a day is longer than its year… and a summer on Uranus is 42 years long.” 

Answer :

A day on Venus lasts longer than a year because it takes 243 Earth-days to rotate once on its axis. In comparison, the planet's orbit around the Sun, i.e. its year, takes only 225 Earth-days. As for ... to orbit the sun, so that's 42 Earth-years of summer... But also 42 Earth-years of winter too!

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Description :

“Want to lose weight? You are much lighter on the Moon than you are on Earth.” 

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The moon is about 1/4 the size of Earth, and has much lower gravity, about 1/6 of the Earth. Since "weight" is actually a measurement of the gravitational pull on an object, your weight on the ... will be normal again. You may wish to avoid Jupiter, however, where you would be 2.4 times heavier.

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Description :

“In 5 billion years, the Sun will run out of fuel and turn into a Red Giant and swallow the Earth!” 

Answer :

The Sun is a star, and like all stars, has a life cycle. Our sun is currently 4.5 billion years old, and is in the middle of its life. In about five billion years, the sun will have used up all ... time, the sun will be about 10 per cent hotter than it is now, and vaporise all the water on Earth.

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Description :

“Astronauts cannot burp in space.” 

Answer :

This is all to do with gravity. On Earth gravity helps us to burp by holding all the solid and wet waste in our stomachs exactly there, in our stomachs, whilst the gas comes out. In space ... not a pleasant experience for astronauts or their crewmates. In fact, they call this experience: a Bomit.

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Description :

“If you could drive your car straight up you would arrive in space in just over an hour.” 

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That is if you were driving at about 60 mph, as outer space starts 62 miles above sea level. To get to the Moon it would take a little longer though, since it's 400,000km (250,000 miles) away - ... your lungs and for burning the petrol) would be finding a garage to refuel - and also that has a loo!

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Description :

“Light travels 18 million times faster than rain.” 

Answer :

It take the average raindrop 1.1. minute to reach the ground, falling at about 20 mph. 

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Description :

“A bolt of lightning is 5 times hotter than the surface of the sun… and a single bolt of lightning contains enough energy to cook 100,000 pieces of toast.”

Answer :

A bolt of lightning can reach temperatures of roughly 30,000 deg C. The sun, on the other hand, is eclipsed in this case — its surface temperature is just 6,000 deg C. Did you also know that each year lightning kills 1000 people…and every second around 100 lightning bolts strike the Earth.

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Description :

“The sun that you see is actually from eight minutes ago.”

Answer :

In order to see the sun, light needs to travel from the sun, through space, to our eyes. The Earth orbits the sun distance at a distance of about 150 million km. Light travels at about 300,000 km ... 20 seconds. This means that if the sun were to suddenly vanish, we wouldn't know for eight minutes!

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Description :

“There are more living organisms in a teaspoonful of soil than there are people alive on Earth.”

Answer :

Soil is alive! Much more than a prop to hold up plants, healthy soil is a jungle of creatures eating, digesting, and reproducing their way toward soil fertility – without them, our food and plant life would not grow.

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Description :

“Tsunamis can travel at speeds of about 500 miles or 805 kilometres an hour, almost as fast as a jet plane.”

Answer :

The impact of earthquakes are what typically generate tsunami waves. The biggest tsunami ever recorded hit southwest shoreline of Alaska in 1958. The force of the wave was measured at 1720 feet (524 meters) high. This is the largest wave that has ever been known to humans! 

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Description :

“On average, every square mile of sea on the planet contains 46,000 pieces of rubbish.” 

Answer :

Huge rubbish dumps collect at sea from human waste and garbage, causing environmental damage to sea life. In fact, a rubbish dump twice the size of the United States has been discovered ... including footballs, kayaks, Lego blocks and carrier bags, is kept together by swirling underwater currents.

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Description :

“The coldest inhabited place on earth is Oymyakon, in Siberia, Russia.” 

Answer :

The average temperature (-50 C) is equivalent to the average temperature on Mars, and the coldest temperature recorded was -90 C. However, life carries on in Oymyakon. There are shops, hospitals, ... residents eat a lot of thinly sliced reindeer meat, and cubes of frozen reindeer blood for snacks.

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Description :

“The smell of rain is caused by a bacteria call actinomycetes.” 

Answer :

Most people notice a distinctive smell in the air after it rains. You can most notably smell rain in the woods or green areas. Actinomycetes, a type of bacteria, grow in soil when conditions are ... where the moisture from the rain acts as an aerosol (like an air freshener) and carries the scent.

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Description :

“95% of the underwater world remains unexplored.” 

Answer :

Scientists occasionally discover ancient deep sea creatures like the Frilled Shark, that have never been seen by humans before. However, these creatures generally die before being brought to the surface of the ... as the change in light and temperature is to much for their internal systems to bear! 

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Description :

“The deepest part of the ocean is deeper than Mt Everest.” 

Answer :

The deepest point is in the Mariana Trench, and is about 11km down. Mt Everest, in comparison is 8.8km. Humans however can’t get very far under. Extreme freediver Herbert Nitsch went down in history on June 14th 2007, by freediving to a depth of 700 feet (-214m), the deepest ever freedive!

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Description :

“Three million year-old micro-organisms have been brought back to life.” 

Answer :

A bacterium that sat dormant in a frozen pond in Alaska for 32,000 years has been revived by NASA scientists. Once scientists thawed the ice, the previously undiscovered bacteria started swimming ... life elsewhere particularly as frozen lakes have been found just beneath the surface of Mars. 

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Description :

“The largest desert is the world is Antarctica.” 

Answer :

Despite its thick ice, Antarctica is classified as a desert because so little moisture falls from the sky. The inner regions of the continent receive an average of two inches (50 millimetres) of precipitation—primarily in the form of snow—each year. In fact, more rain falls in the Sahara desert.

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Description :

“If you drilled a tunnel straight through the Earth and jumped in, it would take you 42 minutes 12 seconds to get to the other side.” 

Answer :

The idea is that you would accelerate towards the centre through the effects of gravity, and be decelerated by gravity when approaching the other side. Unfortunately this is not very practical, and along the way, ... that are believed to exceed 6,000 degrees C, about that of the surface of the sun.

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Description :

“In certain situations, drinking a warm or hot drink helps to cool you down more than an ice cold drink would.” 

Answer :

One of the best ways for your body to cool down is by sweating. So if you are sitting in a hot office room, a hot drink might actually cool you down more effectively than an ice cold drink, ... a run), then the hot drink wouldn't make much difference, and you could probably do with something cold!

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Description :

“The human brain is about 80 per cent water.”

Answer :

Water is essential for staying alive. Of course, the amount of water required varies according to age and gender, and also where someone lives. Generally, an adult male needs about three ... helps deliver oxygen all over the body, used by the brain to manufacture hormones and neurotransmitter.

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Description :

“Our eyes are always the same size from birth, but our nose and ears never stop growing.”

Answer :

Bones, stop growing after puberty and muscle and fat cells also stop dividing. But cartilage - that's the plasticlike stuff in ears and noses - cartilage continues to grow until the day you die ... does cartilage grow, but the earlobes elongate from gravity. And that makes ears look even larger.

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Description :

“Human jaw muscles can generate a force of 200 pounds (90 kilograms) on the molars.” 

Answer :

This would be the same as having a heavyweight boxer standing on your finger!

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Description :

“The human eye blinks an average of 4,200,000 times a year.” 

Answer :

That's 15-20 times per minute. That's up to 1,200 times per hour and a whopping 28,800 times in a day - much more often than we actually need to keep our eyeballs clean and ... because the brain enters a momentary state of wakeful rest when we blink, and leaves us more focussed afterwards.

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Description :

“Have you ever heard of flesh-eating bacteria?” 

Answer :

The term flesh-eating has been used because the bacterial infection produces toxins that destroy tissues such as muscles, skin, and fat. If these particular kinds of bacteria enter humans, via a wound ... type of bacteria that destroys flesh can mostly be found in dirty, stagnant, warmish waters. 

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Description :

“With the discovery of new brain parasites, scientists think that a Zombie Apocalypse could be possible.” 

Answer :

Parasites can highjack hosts' nervous systems, making them into walking zombies. These parasites are able to completely change hosts' behaviour, making them into more bold creatures. Less kind parasites can ... the matter of human brain parasites is in its formative stages, it is still frightening!

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