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Description : An unshielded moving iron voltmeter is used to measure the voltage in an AC circuit. The stray DC magnetic field having a component along the axis will be  (1) unaffected (2) decreased (3) increased (4) either decreased or increased depending on the direction of the DC field

Answer : An unshielded moving iron voltmeter is used to measure the voltage in an AC circuit. The stray DC magnetic field having a component along the axis will be either decreased or increased depending on the direction of the DC field

Description : ‘PMMC instrument is not suitable to measure AC quantity’. State the reason.

Answer : The direction of force exerted on moving coil depends on the direction of current flowing through moving coil. If the direction of magnetic field is kept constant, it produces unidirectional torque if the current is ... on the coil in one cycle to zero. Hence the meter cannot read A.C. quantities.

Description : How range of A.C. ammeter & A.C. voltmeter is extended? Draw suitable diagram.

Answer : Extension of A.C. Ammeter Range: The range of a.c. ammeter can be extended by using CT, the arrangement is shown in figure. The CT is current transformer having less number of primary turns carrying high ... high magnitude of source voltage. In this way range of a.c. voltmeter can be extended.

Answer : The function of shunt in an ammeter is to by pass the current.

Answer : An ammeter is a secondary instrument.

Answer : Ammeter is a current measuring device having low internal resistance so as to direct all the current flowing in the circuit through it. Hence Ammeter is always connected in series with the circuit. If ... If Ammeter is connected in parallel with the supply, then the supply will be a short circuit.

Description : Which of the following can be used to measure the capacitance of a capacitor? A) Rheostat B) Schering bridge C) Wheatstone bridge D) None of these

Answer : Which of the following can be used to measure the capacitance of a capacitor? A) Rheostat B) Schering bridge C) Wheatstone bridge D) None of these

Answer : Voltmeter is used to measure voltage in a circuit.Ohmmeter is used to measure the resistance of a component in a circuit.

Description : A Pyrheliometer is an instrument to measure :  (A) temperature of solar photovoltaic cell  (B) intensity of direct solar radiation at normal incidence  (C) intensity of indirect solar radiation  (D) efficiency of a solar photovoltaic cell

Answer : A Pyrheliometer is an instrument to measure : intensity of direct solar radiation at normal incidence 

Description : Piezoelectric Transducer is used to measure  (1) displacement (2) resistance (3) current (4) temperature

Answer : Piezoelectric Transducer is used to measure displacement 

Answer : To measure a resistance with the help of a potentiometer it is not necessary to standardise the potentiometer.

Answer : It is required to measure the true open circuit e.m.f. of a battery. The best device is D.C. potentiometer.

Answer : Integrating instruments are those which measure the total quantity of electricity delivered in a particular time.

Description : What is the unit of measure for voltage?

Answer : Voltage measured in volts.

Description : What type of meter is used to measure current?

Answer : Ammeter

Description : What equipment is used to measure voltage?

Answer : Voltmeter is used to measure voltage.

Description : Use Voltmeter, ammeter, wattmeter to determine active, reactive and apparent power consumed in given R-L series circuit, draw phasor diagram.

Answer : Practical Significance In the industry environment Electrical Engineering diploma graduate are expected to measure basic parameters like voltage, frequency, time period etc. for R-L series circuits. Therefore ... /varying L. 7. Draw the phasor diagram for each of reading for verification.

Description : Write any two disadvantages of ammeter shunts.

Answer : Disadvantages of ammeter shunts: 1. Errors are caused because of change in temperature. 2. Most suitable for DC measurement. 3. Power loss takes place.

Description : With neat diagram, explain the working of clip-on ammeter.

Answer : Working of Clip on Ammeter: Clip on ammeters are used to measure the high current flowing through bus bar, cable or fuse holders, which act as primary. It consists of split core current ... then clipped over the current carrying conductor. The dial will record the current directly. 

Description : Describe procedure for calibration of ammeter with diagram.

Answer : Procedure for Calibration of Ammeter:  In this method, DC potentiometer is used for measurement of voltage across a standard low resistance.  Connect the circuit as shown in the figure, ... S = resistance of potentiometer  And the currents are compared for finding out error in ammeter.

Description : State the application of phase sequence indicator; clip on ammeter, frequency meter & P.F. meter.

Answer : Phase Sequence Indicator:  1. For finding correct phase sequence of supply  2. For obtaining exact instant of parallel operation of alternators.  3. For obtaining reversal of rotation ...  4. In electroplating industries   5. In various processes industries for measuring power factor

Description : Draw a typical electric circuit including ammeter and voltmeter.

Answer : The figure shows typical electric circuit including ammeter and voltmeter. Ammeter is connected in series for measurement of current. Voltmeter is connected in parallel for measurement of voltage. Fuse is use ... are used. If the electric supply is DC the DC ammeter and DC voltmeter are used.

Description : What should be the ideal resistance of ammeter ?

Answer : Ideal resistance of ammeter should be zero.

Description : what is ammeter ?

Answer : An instrument that is used to measure the amount of current flowing in a circuit.

Description : What are ways we can measure the flow of electrons?

Description : To measure an A. C. voltage by using an A.C. potentiometer, it is desirable that the supply for the potentiometer in taken?

Answer : To measure an A. C. voltage by using an A.C. potentiometer, it is desirable that the supply for the potentiometer in taken from the same source as the unknown voltage.

Description : An ac voltmeter using full -wave rectification and having a sinusoidal input has an ac sensitivity equal to  (1) 1.414 times dc sensitivity (2) dc sensitivity (3) 0.9 times dc sensitivity (4) 0.707 times dc sensitivity

Answer : An ac voltmeter using full -wave rectification and having a sinusoidal input has an ac sensitivity equal to 0.9 times dc sensitivity

Description : For measurement of radio frequency ac signals __________ type meter is used

Answer : For measurement of radio frequency ac signals thermo-couple type meter is used

Description : Draw venture meter and write steps to measure flow rate.

Answer : Venturi meter consists of three sections that is converging section, throat section and diverging section. The flow is introduced to the meter through the inlet with diameter D' . The inclined angle ... to 15o . Flow rate is proportional to the square root of the differential pressure.

Description : Explain the term reactive power. Why it is sometimes essential to measure reactive power?

Answer : Reactive power: The reactive power (Q) is defined as the product of voltage(V), current (I) and sine of angle between voltage(V) and current( I) Therefore Reactive power Q = V I ... power so that corrective measures can be taken accordingly to maintain systems power factor near to the unity.

Description : List any four measure knobs on front panel on CRO.

Answer : Knobs on front panel of CRO: 1. Power ON- OFF 2. Intensity control 3. Focus control 4. Astigmatism control 5. Volt/Div control 6. Vertical position control 7. Invert 8. Horizontal position control 9. Synchronization. 10. Channel selection.

Description : Name the method used to measure following resistances:- (i) Low resistance (ii) Medium resistance (iii) Insulation resistance (iv) Earth resistance.

Answer : Following are the methods used to measure resistances:-  (i) Low resistance: 1.Voltmeter-Ammeter Method 2. Kelvin's Double bridge Method  (ii) Medium resistance: 1.Voltmeter-Ammeter Method 2. ... of Charge Method  (iv) Earth resistance : 1. Fall of Potential Method 2. Earth tester

Description : A _________ is used to measure the stator % winding temperature of the generator.  (A) Thermocouple (B) Pyrometer (C) Resistance thermometer (D) Thermometer

Answer : A Resistance thermometer is used to measure the stator % winding temperature of the generator. 

Description : An open-circuit test on a transformer is conducted primarily to measure?

Answer : The open-circuit test in a transformer is used to measure

Description : How do you measure the speed of a motor?

Description : How do you measure power factor?

Answer : P= 1.83*V*I*[email protected] where P is power           V is voltage            I is current           COS @ is P.F [email protected]= P/(1.83*V*I)  in other way cos @ = true power/apparent power

Description : What does an electric meter measure?

Description : Which of the following motors can run on both AC and DC? A) Universal motor B) Dual wattage motor C) Flexible motor D) All the above

Answer : Which of the following motors can run on both AC and DC? A) Universal motor B) Dual wattage motor C) Flexible motor D) All the above

Description : Can you apply Thevenin's theorem in an AC circuit?

Answer : It  can  be  applied  to  AC  circuits

Description : Can we apply the superposition theorem to AC circuit?

Description : Can we apply Norton's theorem in an AC circuit?

Description : Can transformer convert AC to DC?

Answer : No, Transformer cannot convert AC to DC.

Answer : NO IT ONLY CONVERT FROM AC TO DC BECAUSE DIODE WHICH ARE USED IN IT, ARE UNIDIRECTIONAL.

Answer : To avoid the effect of stray magnetic field in A.C. bridges we can use magnetic screening.

Description : Which of the following instruments can be used to measure AC current only? (a) Permanent Magnet Type ammeter(b) Induction type ammeter (c) Moving iron voltmeter(d) Moving iron ammeter

Answer : (b) Induction type ammeter

Description : Explain working of static AC circuit breaker. 

Answer : Static AC Circuit breaker: The circuit configuration of static AC circuit breaker using SCR is shown in the figure. When switch S' is closed, the SCRs T1 and T2 are fired in positive ... non-availability of gate current. Thus the maximum time delay for breaking the circuit is one half-cycle.

Description : State the modification to be done in dc series motor to work satisfactorily as ac series motor. State applications of ac series motor.

Answer : Modifications are necessary in a dc series motor so that it operates satisfactorily on ac supply. The modifications are as follows:  1) AC series motor is built with a few field turns as ... and grinders 5) High speed vacuum cleaners 6) Sewing machines 7) Food processors 8) Drilling machine 

Description : Explain construction and working of AC servomotor.

Answer : Construction of AC Servo Motor: AC servo motor is mainly composed of a stator and a rotor. Laminated stator core is usually made of silicon steel. Two phase windings are placed in the stator slots at 90 degree ... on rotor. Due to the force or torque acting on the rotor, it is set in motion. 

Description : Compare the AC and DC Arc lamps.

Answer : AC Arc Lamp DC Arc Lamp Cross section area of electrode is same Cross section area of electrode is positive rod is twice that of negative rod Series inductor is used for stability ... supply is used for DC arc lamp Luminous efficiency is less Luminous efficiency is high

Description : What is the advantage of AC over DC electrical transmission?

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