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What is TRIAC?

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TRIAC is two thyristors are connected in parallel and Inverse with only one gate terminal.
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three terminal electronic component that conducts current in either direction when triggered. Its formal name is bidirectional triode thyristor or bilateral triode thyristor
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TRIAC Structure: 

image

Operating Principle: A triac is a three terminal, five layer semiconductor device. It is equivalent to two separate SCRs connected in anti-parallel with gates common. It acts like a bidirectional switch i.e. it can conduct current in either direction regardless of polarities. It can be turned ON either with a positive or negative current pulse at the gate terminal. Once the triac is fired into conduction, the gate losses all control over the conduction and triac continues to conduct. It can be turned OFF by reducing the current to the value less than holding current. With MT2 terminal positive with respect to MT1 terminal, the junctions J1 and J3 get forward biased but the junction J2 get reverse biased. Due to this reverse biased junction J2 the triac can not conduct. However, when the positive or negative gate current pulse is applied to gate, the carriers are injected at the reverse biased junction J2. Due to this, the junction J2 loses its identity as reverse biased junction, the carriers cross over the junction J2 and the triac is turned on. The current then flows from MT2 to MT1, as shown in the figure. With reversed polarities i.e MT1 positive with respect to MT2, the same phenomenon takes place when positive or negative gate current pulse is applied. 


Applications: i. A high power lamp switch. ii. Electronics changeover of transformer taps. iii. As light dimmers. iv. Speed control for electric fans and other electric motors. v. Heating control vi. Zero voltage switched relay

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Related questions

Description : How do you test a triac?

Description : With neat sketch explain four modes of operation of a TRIAC? 

Answer : Modes of operation of a TRIAC: There are four different operating modes of TRIAC:  1) MT2 and gate are positive with respect to terminal MT1(Mode1) : Here terminal MT2 is positive ... junction P2-N2 is forward biased, current carriers are injected and therefore, the TRIAC is turned on. 

Description : Draw symbol & V-I characteristics of (i) LASCR (ii) DIAC (iii) TRIAC

Answer : (i) LASCR:  (ii) DIAC:  (iii) TRIAC: 

Description : Speed control of the motor using TRIAC

Answer : Speed control of the motor using TRIAC:  This basic phase triggering circuit uses the triac in series with the motor across an AC sinusoidal supply. The variable resistor, VR1 is used ... meaning that it may not trigger at the exact same point for each positive and negative half cycle.

Description : Compare SCR and TRIAC

Answer : SCR TRIAC It is an unidirectional device. It is a bidirectional device. It is turned-on by only positive gate current. It can be turned-on by either ... applications including lamp dimmer, heating control, zero voltage switched AC relay, small AC motor control etc.

Description : Draw the symbol of GTO and TRIAC.

Answer : 1) GTO: 2) TRIAC: 

Description : SCR is more utilized as compared to Triac because it is

Answer : SCR is more utilized as compared to Triac because it is available with higher ratings

Answer : Yes, we can use triac in the multi-quadrant chopper.

Description : Describe triggering circuit for TRIAC using DIAC.

Answer : Triggering circuit for TRIAC using DIAC: DIAC stands for diode alternating current. It's a two terminal four layer bidirectional device. It conducts in both directions. DIAC is used for triggering TRIAC. ... of DIAC to the gate terminal of TRIAC reduces the harmonics.

Answer :  A Triac is a Bi-directional power switch

Answer : A Triac has Three terminals

Description : What is TRIAC ?

Answer : TRIAC is three terminal semiconductor device for controlling current. TRIAC is bidirectional device. TRIAC is use for AC switching applications because it can control the current flow over both halves of ... as convenient for some high power applications where its switching is more difficult.

Description : A TRIAC can be switched into on-state by (A) positive gate current only (B) negative gate current only (C) positive or negative gate current (D) sinusoidal gate current  

Description : TRIAC is an ac switch which can be made to conduct on

Answer : TRIAC is an ac switch which can be made to conduct on both half cycle of AC voltage.

Description : Triac are usually operated at:

Answer : Triac are usually operated at: power frequency

Description : A triac is a device which acts as a  A) Diode in forward direction and thrylistor in the reverse direction B) Thyristor in both directions C) Diode in both directions D) Thyristor in forward direction and diode in reverse direction

Answer : A triac is a device which acts as a Thyristor in both directions

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