# Sparking at the commutator of a D.C. motor may result in?

Sparking at the commutator of a D.C. motor may result in damage to commutator segments, damage to commutator insulation, increased power consumption.

## Related questions

Answer : Sparking, is discouraged in a D.C. motor because commutator gets damaged.

Description : The function of a brush and commutator arrangement in a dc motor is to  (1) produce unidirectional torque (2) produce unidirectional current in the armature (3) help in changing the direction of rotation of the armature (4) reduce sparking

Answer : The function of a brush and commutator arrangement in a dc motor is to produce unidirectional torque

Answer : In a A.C. series motor armature coils are usually connected to commutator through resistance.

Answer : To avoid formation of grooves in the commutator of a D.C. machine the brushes of opposite polarity should track each other.

Description : State the function of commutator in DC generator and name the material used for commutator.

Answer : Function of Commutator: Commutator converts AC induced in armature winding into DC for external load. Material: i) Commutator segments are made up of Copper. ii) Commutator segments are insulated from each other by Mica.

Description : Sparking occurs when a load is switched off because the circuit has high?

Answer : Sparking occurs when a load is switched off because the circuit has high inductance.

Description : As there is no back e.m.f. at the instant of starting a D.C. motor, in order to prevent a heavy current from flowing though the armature circuit?

Answer : As there is no back e.m.f. at the instant of starting a D.C. motor, in order to prevent a heavy current from flowing though the armature circuit a resistance is connected in series with armature.

Answer : At the instant of starting when a D.C. motor is put on supply, it behaves like a low resistance circuit.

Answer : If a D.C. shunt motor is working at no load and if shunt field circuit suddenly opens this will result in excessive speed, possibly destroying armature due to excessive centrifugal stresses.

Answer : By looking at Commutator part of the motor, it can be easily confirmed that a particular motor is D.C. motor.

Description : Which of the following does not have a commutator? A) Dynamo B) Induction motor C) Universal motor D) None of these

Answer : Which of the following does not have a commutator? A) Dynamo B) Induction motor C) Universal motor D) None of these

Description : State the function of following parts of DC motor : i) Yoke ii) Poles iii) Field winding iv) Commutator.

Answer : Function : i) Yoke: The yoke serves the following two purposes. i) It supports the other components such as poles and provides mechanical protection for whole machine. ii) It forms a part of ... one pole to another and thus to help the motor to develop a continuous and unidirectional torque

Description : In a 2 kW, 200 V, 1000 rpm. DC series motor the torque at full load was found to be 0.3 N -m. The torque at half full load in N -m is :

Answer : In a 2 kW, 200 V, 1000 rpm. DC series motor the torque at full load was found to be 0.3 N -m. The torque at half full load in N -m is : 0.075

Description : A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 W and the field winding resistance is 80 W. The net Voltage across armature resistance at the time of plugging will be

Answer : A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 W and the field winding resistance is 80 W. The net Voltage across armature resistance at the time of plugging will be 474 V

Description : A 200 V dc shunt motor is running at 1000 rpm and drawing a current of 10 A. Its armature winding resistance is 2 Ohm. It. is braked by plugging. The resistance to be connected in series with armature to restrict armature current to 10 A, is

Answer : A 200 V dc shunt motor is running at 1000 rpm and drawing a current of 10 A. Its armature winding resistance is 2 Ohm. It. is braked by plugging. The resistance to be connected in series with armature to restrict armature current to 10 A, is 36 Ohm

Answer : In case the back e.m.f. and the speed of a D.C. motor are doubled, the torque developed by the motor will remain unchanged.

Answer : In a differentially compounded D.C. motor, if shunt field suddenly opens the motor will first stop and then run in opposite direction as series motor.

Answer : In a D.C. series motor, if the armature current is reduced by 50%, the torque of the motor will be equal to 25% of the previous value.

Answer : In case the conditions for maximum power for a D.C. motor are established, the efficiency of the motor will be less than 50%.

Answer : In a D.C. shunt motor, under the conditions of maximum power, the current in the armature will be more than full-load current.

Answer : In a D.C. shunt motor, speed is independent of armature current.

Answer : If a D.C. motor designed for 40°C ambient temperature is to be used for 50°C ambient temperature, then the motor is to be derated by a factor recommended by manufacturer and select the next higher H.P. motor.

Answer : For a D.C. shunt motor if the excitation is changed torque will change but power will remain constant.

Description : The speed of a D.C. motor can be controlled by varying  1. Its flux per pole 2. Resistance of armature circuit 3. Applied voltage 4. All of the above

Answer : The speed of a D.C. motor can be controlled by varying  1. Its flux per pole 2. Resistance of armature circuit 3. Applied voltage 4. All of the above

Answer : The speed of a D.C. shunt motor can be increased by increasing the resistance in field circuit.

Answer : The armature voltage control of D.C. motor provides constant torque drive.

Answer : The armature torque of the D.C. shunt motor is proportional to armature current.

Answer : As the load is increased the speed of D.C. shunt motor will reduce slightly.

Answer : Flywheel is used with D.C. compound motor to reduce the peak demand by the motor, compound motor will have to be cumulatively compounded.

Answer : D.C. Series motor is generally preferred for cranes and hoists.

Answer : Cumulatively compounded D.C. motor will be suitable along with flywheel for intermittent light and heavy loads.

Answer : The current drawn by the armature of D.C. motor is directly proportional to the torque required.

Answer : The speed of a D.C. series motor is inversely proportional to the armature current.

Answer : The starting resistance of a D.C. motor is generally low.

Answer : The armature may burn if the back e.m.f. of a D.C. motor vanishes suddenly.

Answer : The speed of a D.C. shunt motor more than its full-load speed can be obtained by decreasing the field current.

Answer : If a D.C. motor is connected across the A.C. supply it will burn due to heat produced in the field winding by eddy currents.

Answer : The type of D.C. motor used for shears and punches is cumulative compound D.C. motor.

Answer : For starting a D.C. motor a starter is required because it limits the starting current to a safe value.

Answer : A D.C. series motor is that which has its field winding consisting of thick wire and less turns.

Answer : If the field of a D.C. shunt motor gets opened while motor is running the motor will attain dangerously high speed.

Answer : Cumulative compound D.C. motor is preferred for elevators.

Answer : The direction of rotation of a D.C. series motor can be changed by interchanging field terminals.

Answer : A.C. series motor as compared to D.C. series motor has smaller brush width, less number of field turns, more number of armature turns, less air gap.

Answer : If a D.C. series motor is operated on A.C. supply, it will spark excessively, have poor efficiency, have poor power factor.

Answer : In a universal motor, the most common cause of brush sparking is open armature winding, shorted armature winding, shorted field winding, high commutator mica.

Description : Describe the reason of using dc series motor for electric trains.

Answer : Electric trains require an inverse torque speed characteristics for proper operation. That is a higher torque is required at start (when speed is nil or low) and as the train picks up ... torque - speed characteristics of DC series motors match, these motors are suitable for electric trains

Description : What is the RPM of a DC motor?

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