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A universal motor is one which can be operated either on D.C. or A.C. supply at approximately the same speed and output.

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Answer : The speed of a universal motor is usually reduced by using gearing.

Answer : Speed control of a universal motor is achieved by varying field flux with tapped field windings, connecting rheostat in series, applying variable voltage by means of silicon controlled rectifier, applying variable voltage by means of variable auto-transformer.

Answer : In a universal motor, the most common cause of brush sparking is open armature winding, shorted armature winding, shorted field winding, high commutator mica.

Answer : The speed/load characteristics of a universal motor is same as that of D.C. series motor.

Answer : The speed control of universal motor used for sewing machines is by varying the resistance.

Answer : The direction of rotation of universal motor can be reversed the by reversing the flow of current through either armature winding or field winding.

Description : State working principle of universal motor with the help of diagram.

Answer : Working Principle of Universal motor : It is modified DC series motor which can work on AC as well as DC supply. According to basic motor principle, whenever a current carrying conductor is placed in magnetic ... They have nearly same operating characteristic for both AC and DC supply. 

Description : applications of each: i) Universal motor ii) Stepper motor.

Answer : i) Applications of Universal motor: 1) portable drills 2) hair dryers 3) grinders 4) mixers 5) table-fans 6) blowers 7) polishers 8) Kitchen appliances  ii) Applications of Stepper motor ... 7) robotics 8) CNC machine 9) Control systems 10) Biomedical applications 10) XY recorder 11) plotters

Description : State two applications of 1) Shaded pole motor 2) Universal motor

Answer : (i)Applications of Shaded pole motor: 1. Small fans 2. Toy motors 3. Hair dryers 4. Ventilators 5. Electric clocks 6. Record players 7. Motorized valves 8. Gramophones 9. Photocopying ... 5. Portable Drilling Machines 6. Electric Shavers 7. Mechanical computing Machines 8. Machine Tools etc.

Description : Draw and explain working of universal motor. Give two applications of universal motor.

Answer : Figure of Universal motor:   Operation of universal motor on A.C. and D.C. supply:   *A universal motor works on either DC or single phase AC supply. When the universal motor is ... , regardless of AC or DC supply, universal motor works on the same principle that DC series motor works.  

Answer : The speed of a universal motor is generally reduced by using gear trains.

Answer : A universal motor can run on either A.C. or D.C.

Description : A universal RLC bridge uses?

Answer : A universal RLC bridge uses Maxwell Wein bridge for measurement of inductance and modified De Santy's bridge for measurement of capacitance.

Description : In an induction motor if the flux density is reduced to one-half, of its normal value then the torque will  (1) reduce to one-half (2) reduce to one-fourth (3) remain unchanged (4) increase four times

Answer : In an induction motor if the flux density is reduced.to one-half, of its normal value then the torque will reduce to one-fourth

Answer : Series motor has the poorest speed control.

Answer : D.C. Series motor is generally preferred for cranes and hoists.

Answer : Cumulatively compounded D.C. motor will be suitable along with flywheel for intermittent light and heavy loads.

Answer : Differentially compounded D.C. motor has got maximum self loading property.

Answer : By looking at Commutator part of the motor, it can be easily confirmed that a particular motor is D.C. motor.

Answer : A D.C. series motor is that which has its field winding consisting of thick wire and less turns.

Answer : Cumulative compound D.C. motor is preferred for elevators.

Answer : If a D.C. motor is to be selected for conveyors, Series motor would be preferred.

Description : At which time power factor of the induction motor is low?

Answer : The power factor of the inducction motor is low at the time of starting as compare to while the induction motor is running.

Answer : Capacitor start motor has high torque in starting

Description : Split phase induction motor

Answer : Split phase induction motor : There are two windings used in split phase induction motor. It is a type of single-phase induction motor. There are two winding one is called main winding and ... motor have low starting torque it is used for small fans, blowers, centrifugal pumps, grinders etc.

Description : Describe the reason of using dc series motor for electric trains.

Answer : Electric trains require an inverse torque speed characteristics for proper operation. That is a higher torque is required at start (when speed is nil or low) and as the train picks up ... torque - speed characteristics of DC series motors match, these motors are suitable for electric trains

Description : A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 W and the field winding resistance is 80 W. The net Voltage across armature resistance at the time of plugging will be

Answer : A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 W and the field winding resistance is 80 W. The net Voltage across armature resistance at the time of plugging will be 474 V

Description : Damper winding in a synchronous motor

Answer : Damper winding in a synchronous motor Serves to start the motor.

Description : In a double squirrel cage induction motor, good starting torque is produced as (A) Large current flows through the outer high resistance winding. (B) Large current flows through the inner high ... the outer high resistance winding. (D) Large current flows through the inner low resistance winding.

Answer : In a double squirrel cage induction motor, good starting torque is produced as Large current flows through the outer high resistance winding.

Description : A change of 4% in the supply voltage to an induction motor will produce a change of approximately

Answer : A change of 4% in the supply voltage to an induction motor will produce a change of approximately 8% in the rotor torque

Description : A 200 V dc shunt motor is running at 1000 rpm and drawing a current of 10 A. Its armature winding resistance is 2 Ohm. It. is braked by plugging. The resistance to be connected in series with armature to restrict armature current to 10 A, is

Answer : A 200 V dc shunt motor is running at 1000 rpm and drawing a current of 10 A. Its armature winding resistance is 2 Ohm. It. is braked by plugging. The resistance to be connected in series with armature to restrict armature current to 10 A, is 36 Ohm

Description : The speed of a three-phase induction motor is controlled by variable voltage variable frequency control (i.e. keeping V/f constant). As the frequency is reduced, the slip at maximum torque  (1) Decreases (2) Increases (3) Remains constant (4) None of the above

Answer : The speed of a three-phase induction motor is controlled by variable voltage variable frequency control (i.e. keeping V/f constant). As the frequency is reduced, the slip at maximum torque Increases 

Description : The number of poles of 8/6 stepper motor can be :

Answer : The number of poles of 8/6 stepper motor can be : 4

Description : In a 2 kW, 200 V, 1000 rpm. DC series motor the torque at full load was found to be 0.3 N -m. The torque at half full load in N -m is :

Answer : In a 2 kW, 200 V, 1000 rpm. DC series motor the torque at full load was found to be 0.3 N -m. The torque at half full load in N -m is : 0.075

Description : For using regenerative breaking, the most suitable motor is :  (A) DC series motor  (B) Slip ring induction motor  (C) Squirrel cage induction motor  (D) Synchronous motor

Answer : For using regenerative breaking, the most suitable motor is : Slip ring induction motor

Description : Torque developed by a three-phase, 400V, induction motor is 100 N -m. If the applied voltage is reduced to 200-V, the d'veloped torque will be

Answer : Torque developed by a three-phase, 400V, induction motor is 100 N -m. If the applied voltage is reduced to 200-V, the d'veloped torque will be 25 N -m

Description : The slip of 400 V, three phase, 4 -pole induction motor when rotating at 1440 rpm is 

Answer : The slip of 400 V, three phase, 4 -pole induction motor when rotating at 1440 rpm is 4 percent

Description : A 400 V, 50 Hz three-phase induction motor rotates at 1440 rpm on full -load. The motor is wound for

Answer : A 400 V, 50 Hz three-phase induction motor rotates at 1440 rpm on full -load. The motor is wound for 4 poles

Description : The function of a brush and commutator arrangement in a dc motor is to  (1) produce unidirectional torque (2) produce unidirectional current in the armature (3) help in changing the direction of rotation of the armature (4) reduce sparking

Answer : The function of a brush and commutator arrangement in a dc motor is to produce unidirectional torque

Description : The speed of a 2-pole, 3-phase stepper motor operated by 1200 pulses/min (A) 100 rpm (B) 200 rpm (C) 400 rpm (D) 800 rpm

Answer : The speed of a 2-pole, 3-phase stepper motor operated by 1200 pulses/min 200 rpm

Description : In a split-phase induction motor, the resistance/reactance ratios of windings are such that (A) current in the auxiliary winding leads the current in the main winding (B) current in the ... (C) both windings develop the same starting torque (D) both windings develop high starting current

Answer : In a split-phase induction motor, the resistance/reactance ratios of windings are such that current in the auxiliary winding leads the current in the main winding

Description : In a single-phase induction motor when the rotor is stationary and voltage is applied to the stator, then (A) the flux is constant (B) the flux first decreases and then increases in ... increases and decreases in the opposite direction with the same magnitude (D) current flows through the rotor

Answer : In a single-phase induction motor when the rotor is stationary and voltage is applied to the stator, then the flux first decreases and then increases in the same direction

Description : The maximum reluctance power of a salient-pole synchronous motor having direct-axis reactance, 1.0 pu and quadrature-axis reactance, 0.5 pu, and input voltage, 1.0 pu is (A) 0.25 pu (B) 0.5 pu (C) 1.0 pu (D) 1.5 pu

Answer : The maximum reluctance power of a salient-pole synchronous motor having direct-axis reactance, 1.0 pu and quadrature-axis reactance, 0.5 pu, and input voltage, 1.0 pu is 0.5 pu

Description : The effect of increasing load on a synchronous motor running with normal excitation is (A) Increase both its Ia and power factor. (B) Decrease Ia, but increase power factor. (C) Increase Ia, but decrease power factor (D) Decrease both Ia and power factor.

Answer : The effect of increasing load on a synchronous motor running with normal excitation is Increase Ia, but decrease power factor

Description : A 3-phase, 4-pole, 50Hz induction motor runs at a speed of 1440 rpm. The rotating field produced by the rotor rotates at a speed of ________ rpm with respect to stator field. (A) 1500 (B) 0 (C) 1440 (D) 60

Answer : 0

Description : An 8-pole, 50Hz, three-phase induction motor is running at 705rpm and has a rotor copper loss of 5kW. Its rotor input is (A) 5.06 kW (B) 0.3 kW (C) 100 kW (D) 83.33 kW

Answer : An 8-pole, 50Hz, three-phase induction motor is running at 705rpm and has a rotor copper loss of 5kW. Its rotor input is 83.33 kW

Description : The torque developed by any 3-phase induction motor at 0.8 p.u. slip is (A) Full-load torque (B) unstable torque (C) starting torque (D) break down

Answer : The torque developed by any 3-phase induction motor at 0.8 p.u. slip is unstable torque

Description : In a 3-phase slip-ring induction motor, the slip at some speed is 0.05. The speed is reduced by inserting an external resistance in the rotor circuit and the slip is 0.15. If the rotor winding resistance per phase is 0.2 Ω, the external resistance is (A) 0.2 Ω (B) 0.3 Ω (C) 0.4 Ω (D) 0.5 Ω

Answer : In a 3-phase slip-ring induction motor, the slip at some speed is 0.05. The speed is reduced by inserting an external resistance in the rotor circuit and the slip is 0.15. If the rotor winding resistance per phase is 0.2 Ω, the external resistance is 0.3 Ω

Description : A three-phase synchronous motor connected to ac mains is running at full load and unity power factor. lf its shaft load is reduced by half and field current is held constant then its new power factor will be

Answer : Leading

Answer : In variable speed motor a weaker commutating field is needed at low speed than at high speed.

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