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The speed/load characteristics of a universal motor is same as that of D.C. series motor.

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Answer : The speed of a universal motor is usually reduced by using gearing.

Answer : Speed control of a universal motor is achieved by varying field flux with tapped field windings, connecting rheostat in series, applying variable voltage by means of silicon controlled rectifier, applying variable voltage by means of variable auto-transformer.

Answer : The speed control of universal motor used for sewing machines is by varying the resistance.

Answer : For the same H.P. rating and full load speed, following motor has poor starting torque differentially compounded.

Answer : The speed of a universal motor is generally reduced by using gear trains.

Answer : As the load is increased the speed of D.C. shunt motor will reduce slightly.

Description : A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 W and the field winding resistance is 80 W. The net Voltage across armature resistance at the time of plugging will be

Answer : A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 W and the field winding resistance is 80 W. The net Voltage across armature resistance at the time of plugging will be 474 V

Description : Why does the speed of a DC shunt motor decrease as the load increases?

Answer : Because if the load is increasing then the torque must also be increase. If not then the speed of motor will decrease.

Answer : In case of a reluctance motor, when the load is increased so that it cannot maintain synchronous speed the motor will run as induction motor.

Answer : A universal motor is one which can be operated either on D.C. or A.C. supply at approximately the same speed and output.

Answer : In a universal motor, the most common cause of brush sparking is open armature winding, shorted armature winding, shorted field winding, high commutator mica.

Answer : The direction of rotation of universal motor can be reversed the by reversing the flow of current through either armature winding or field winding.

Answer : Speed torque characteristic of a repulsion induction motor is similar to that of a D.C. compound motor.

Description : State working principle of universal motor with the help of diagram.

Answer : Working Principle of Universal motor : It is modified DC series motor which can work on AC as well as DC supply. According to basic motor principle, whenever a current carrying conductor is placed in magnetic ... They have nearly same operating characteristic for both AC and DC supply. 

Description : applications of each: i) Universal motor ii) Stepper motor.

Answer : i) Applications of Universal motor: 1) portable drills 2) hair dryers 3) grinders 4) mixers 5) table-fans 6) blowers 7) polishers 8) Kitchen appliances  ii) Applications of Stepper motor ... 7) robotics 8) CNC machine 9) Control systems 10) Biomedical applications 10) XY recorder 11) plotters

Description : State two applications of 1) Shaded pole motor 2) Universal motor

Answer : (i)Applications of Shaded pole motor: 1. Small fans 2. Toy motors 3. Hair dryers 4. Ventilators 5. Electric clocks 6. Record players 7. Motorized valves 8. Gramophones 9. Photocopying ... 5. Portable Drilling Machines 6. Electric Shavers 7. Mechanical computing Machines 8. Machine Tools etc.

Description : Draw and explain working of universal motor. Give two applications of universal motor.

Answer : Figure of Universal motor:   Operation of universal motor on A.C. and D.C. supply:   *A universal motor works on either DC or single phase AC supply. When the universal motor is ... , regardless of AC or DC supply, universal motor works on the same principle that DC series motor works.  

Answer : A universal motor can run on either A.C. or D.C.

Description : The speed of a three-phase induction motor is controlled by variable voltage variable frequency control (i.e. keeping V/f constant). As the frequency is reduced, the slip at maximum torque  (1) Decreases (2) Increases (3) Remains constant (4) None of the above

Answer : The speed of a three-phase induction motor is controlled by variable voltage variable frequency control (i.e. keeping V/f constant). As the frequency is reduced, the slip at maximum torque Increases 

Description : The speed of a 2-pole, 3-phase stepper motor operated by 1200 pulses/min (A) 100 rpm (B) 200 rpm (C) 400 rpm (D) 800 rpm

Answer : The speed of a 2-pole, 3-phase stepper motor operated by 1200 pulses/min 200 rpm

Answer : In variable speed motor a weaker commutating field is needed at low speed than at high speed.

Answer : Series motor has the poorest speed control.

Description : The speed of a D.C. motor can be controlled by varying  1. Its flux per pole 2. Resistance of armature circuit 3. Applied voltage 4. All of the above

Answer : The speed of a D.C. motor can be controlled by varying  1. Its flux per pole 2. Resistance of armature circuit 3. Applied voltage 4. All of the above

Answer : The speed of a D.C. shunt motor can be increased by increasing the resistance in field circuit.

Answer : The speed of a D.C. series motor is inversely proportional to the armature current.

Answer : In a D.C. shunt motor, speed is independent of armature current.

Answer : Centrifugal switch disconnects the auxiliary winding of the motor at about 70 to 80 percent of synchronous speed.

Answer : If the centrifugal switch does not open at 70 to 80 percent of synchronous speed of motor, it would result in damage to the starting winding.

Description : Why the speed of synchronous motor is constant?

Description : What are the speed control methods of dc motor?

Answer : Field control of DC motor Armature control of DC motor

Description : speed control methods of three phase induction motor?

Answer : Speed control of three phase induction motor

Description : The no-load speed of a single-phase SCR bridge converter fed separately excited dc motor operating at a firing delay angle, α and flux, Φ (A) directly proportional to α and Φ (B) ... proportional to α and inversely proportional to Φ (D) directly proportional to Φ and inversely proportional to α

Answer : The no-load speed of a single-phase SCR bridge converter fed separately excited dc motor operating at a firing delay angle, α and flux, Φ directly proportional to α and inversely proportional to Φ

Description : An electric motor in which both stator field and rotor rotates with same speed is called?

Answer : An electric motor in which both stator field and rotor rotates with same speed is called synchronous motor.

Description : The effect of increasing load on a synchronous motor running with normal excitation is (A) Increase both its Ia and power factor. (B) Decrease Ia, but increase power factor. (C) Increase Ia, but decrease power factor (D) Decrease both Ia and power factor.

Answer : The effect of increasing load on a synchronous motor running with normal excitation is Increase Ia, but decrease power factor

Description : In synchronous motor, does the winding losses vary with load?

Answer : No, in the synchronous motor the winding losses do not vary with load.

Answer : The coupling angle or load angle of synchronous motor is defined as the angle between the rotor and the stator poles of opposite polarity.

Description : Speed control of the motor using TRIAC

Answer : Speed control of the motor using TRIAC:  This basic phase triggering circuit uses the triac in series with the motor across an AC sinusoidal supply. The variable resistor, VR1 is used ... meaning that it may not trigger at the exact same point for each positive and negative half cycle.

Answer : If the speed of a D.C. shunt motor is increased, the back e.m.f. of the motor will increase.

Answer : The operating speed of a synchronous motor can be changed to new fixed value by changing frequency.

Description : If we change the excitation of synchronous machine will it affect on motor speed?

Answer : No, If we change the excitation of synchronous machine it will not affect on motor speed.

Description : Synchronous motor always runs at which speed?

Answer : Synchronous motor always runs at synchronous speed.

Description : Which motor has the best speed regulation?

Description : How do you measure the speed of a motor?

Description : The synchronous speed of an 8 pole induction motor supplied power from a 50 Hz source will be ?

Answer : Ns         equals        f/pair pole 50/4      - 12.5

Description : Explain with neat circuit diagrams the procedures to perform no load and blocked rotor tests on three phase induction motor.

Answer : If a D.C. shunt motor is working at full load and if shunt field circuit suddenly opens this will make armature to take heavy current, possibly burning it.

Answer : A synchronous motor running with normal excitation adjusts to load increases essentially by increase in armature current.

Description : The maximum constant load torque under which a synchronous motor will pull into synchronism at rated rotor supply voltage and frequency is known as?

Answer : The maximum constant load torque under which a synchronous motor will pull into synchronism at rated rotor supply voltage and frequency is known as pull-in torque.

Answer : If the synchronous motor, properly synchronised to the supply is running on no load and is having negligible loss then the stator current will be zero.

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