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Synchronous motors are generally not self-starting because the direction of instantaneous torque reverses after half cycle.

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Answer : The standard full-load power factor ratings for synchronous motors are unity or 0.8 leading.

Answer : For power factor correction, synchronous motors operate at no-load and greatly over-excited fields.

Description : Damper winding is provided in 3 phase synchronous motors to :

Answer : Damper winding is provided in 3 phase synchronous motors to : provide starting torque and prevent hunting

Description : What is the difference between synchronous and asynchronous motors?

Answer : The motor which rotates at constant speed is called synchronous motor. And that constant speed is called as synchronous speed.  And the motor which does not rotates at constant speed are called asynchronous motor. Asynchronous motor is also called as Induction motor.

Description : A synchronous motor can be made self starting by providing?

Answer : A synchronous motor can be made self-starting by providing damper bar.

Description : The damping winding in synchronous motor is generally used to?

Answer : The damping winding in synchronous motor is generally used to provide starting torque and prevent hunting.

Description : State which electric motors are generally used in electro agro systems with reason.

Answer : 1) 3 phase induction motor is used in electro agro system for water pumping from wells as 3 phase ac supply is easily available, cost of induction motor is less, maintenance free being rugged ... as 1 phase ac supply is easily available for domestic purpose, repair is simple and easily available.

Answer : A direct online starter is used for starting motors up to 5 H.P.

Description : Generally, Crawling in squirrel cage induction motors is tendency to run stably at speeds as low as (A) One-third of their synchronous speed (B) One-fifth of their synchronous speed (C) One-seventh of their synchronous speed (D) One-ninth of their synchronous speed

Answer : Generally, Crawling in squirrel cage induction motors is tendency to run stably at speeds as low as One-seventh of their synchronous speed

Description : The synchronous motor which works on leading power factor and does not drive any mechanical load is called?

Answer : The synchronous motor which works on leading power factor and does not drive any mechanical load is called synchronous condenser.

Answer : Starters are used with D.C. motors because to restrict armature current as there is no back e.m.f. while starting.

Answer : Exciters of synchronous machines are d.c. shunt machines.

Answer : In case of D.C. shunt motors the speed is dependent on back e.m.f. only because flux is practically constant in D:C. shunt motors.

Description : Why are DC motors used in trains and not AC motors ?

Answer : The reason is torque. torque is inversely proportional to speed..i.e when th knowe train comes to rest position to motion.. initial speed is zero..so it requires high starting torque for ... current will flow through field and armature coils then maximum torque is available at the intial condition.

Description : where the synchronous condenser are generally installed ?

Answer : the synchronous condenser are generally installed at receiving end side of transmission line 

Description : List different starting methods of three phase synchronous motor. Explain any one of them.

Answer : Different Starting Methods of Three Phase Synchronous Motor: As synchronous motor is not self starting, different methods of starting are as follows: 1) By using an Induction (Pony) motor 2) ... . The rotor gets pulled into synchronism and starts running at constant speed as a synchronous motor. 

Answer : Slip-rings in a synchronous motor carry direct current.

Answer : The efficiency of a properly designed synchronous motor will usually fall in range 85 to 95%.

Description : A synchronous motor has better power factor as compared to that of an equivalent induction motor. This is mainly because?

Answer : A synchronous motor has better power factor as compared to that of an equivalent induction motor. This is mainly because stator supply is not required to produce magnetic field.

Answer : A synchronous motor running with normal excitation adjusts to load increases essentially by increase in armature current.

Answer : Synchronsizing power of a synchronous machine is inversely proportional to the synchronous reactance.

Answer : The operating speed of a synchronous motor can be changed to new fixed value by changing frequency.

Answer : A synchronous motor can develop synchronous torque at synchronous speed.

Answer : In case one phase of a three-phase synchronous motor is short-circuited the motor will not start.

Answer : In a synchronous motor, the armature current has large values for high and low excitation.

Answer :  The size of a synchronous motor decreases with the increase in flux density.

Answer : The duration of sudden short-circuit test on a synchronous motor is usually about one second.

Description : The maximum constant load torque under which a synchronous motor will pull into synchronism at rated rotor supply voltage and frequency is known as?

Answer : The maximum constant load torque under which a synchronous motor will pull into synchronism at rated rotor supply voltage and frequency is known as pull-in torque.

Answer : A synchronous machine with low value of short-circuit ratio has lower stability limit.

Answer : The construction of a synchronous motor resembles an alternator.

Answer : If the field winding of an unloaded salient pole synchronous motor is open circuited, the motor will stop.

Description : The maximum torque which a synchronous motor will develop at rest for any angular position of the rotor, at rated stator supply voltage and frequency, is known as?

Answer : The coupling angle or load angle of synchronous motor is defined as the angle between the rotor and the stator poles of opposite polarity.

Answer : If the synchronous motor, properly synchronised to the supply is running on no load and is having negligible loss then the stator current will be zero.

Answer : The armature current of the synchronous motor has large values for low and high excitation.

Description : Which motor have more efficiency, synchronous motor or induction motor?

Answer : Synchronous motor has more efficiency.

Description : If we change the excitation of synchronous machine will it affect on power factor?

Answer : Yes, If we change the excitation of synchronous machine it will affect on power factor. If the synchronous motor is overexcited then it will have leading power factor and if the motor is underexcited then it will have lagging power factor.

Description : If we change the excitation of synchronous machine will it affect on motor speed?

Answer : No, If we change the excitation of synchronous machine it will not affect on motor speed.

Description : How can we reverse the direction of rotation of synchronous motor?

Answer : By reversing supply phase sequence we can reverse the direction of rotation of synchronous motor.

Description : What is the maximum value of torque angle in synchronous motor?

Answer : The maximum value of torque angle in synchronous motor is 90 degrees electrical.

Description : If the load of the normally excited synchronous motor is increased the power factor will?

Answer : If the load of the normally excited synchronous motor is increased the power factor will become lagging.

Description : V - curve of synchronous machine shows the relation between?

Answer : V - curve of synchronous machine shows the relation between AC armature current and DC field current.

Description : Why synchronous machine is called doubly excited machine?

Answer : Armature windings of synchronous machines either deliver 3 phase AC or absorb 3 phase AC source,  whereas field windings are energized from DC source. Thus due to presence of AC on armature and DC on field windings, synchronous machines are often referred as doubly excited machines.

Description : Hunting in synchronous motor cannot be due to?

Answer : Hunting in synchronous motor cannot be due to windage friction.

Description : Which machine is the exciter of synchronous machine?

Answer : DC shunt machine is the exciter of synchronous machine.

Description : If the field of synchronous motor is under excited, power factor will be?

Answer : If the field of synchronous motor is under excited, power factor will be lagging.

Description : An unexcited single phase synchronous motor is ?

Answer : An unexcited single-phase synchronous motor is reluctance motor.

Description : In a synchronous motor which losses varies with load?

Answer : In a synchronous motor, copper losses varies with load.

Description : The back emf of synchronous motor depends on?

Answer : The back emf of synchronous motor depends on load angle.

Description : Synchronous motor always runs at which speed?

Answer : Synchronous motor always runs at synchronous speed.

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