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Nuclear power plant is invariably used as base load plant.

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Description : State why nuclear power plants are used as base load plants and diesel power plants as a peak load plant. 

Answer : 1. Because of following points Nuclear power plant used as base load power plant:-  1. Nuclear power plants is very economical for producing bulk amount of electric power 2. Nuclear power plant is reliable ... . The plants can be put on load easily. 4. Diesel engines take less time to make OFF.

Description : Compare base load plant with peak load plant on any two points.

Answer : Points Base load plant Peak load plant Definition The power plant which supplies base load of load curve is known as base load plant  The power plant which supplies ... ,thermal,nuclear power station Small capacity storage hydro,pumped storage hydro,gas,diesel power station.

Description : Compare base load plant with peak load plant. 

Answer : Sr.No. Points Base load plant Peak load plant  1 Definition The power plant which supplies base load of load curve is known as base load plant The power ... power station   Small capacity storage hydro, pumped storage hydro, gas, diesel power station. 

Description : What is base load and peak load power plants?

Answer : Peak load plant can never have 100 percent load factor.

Answer : Large capacity generators are invariably hydrogen cooled.

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Answer : Generating capacity connected to the bus bars and ready to take load when switched on is known as spinning reserve.

Answer : Load factor of a power station is defined as average load/maximum demand.

Description : Define the following terms : (i) Base Station (ii) Control Channel (iii) Mobile Station (iv) Page 

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Description :  If the base current of a BJT is 250 µA and emitter current is 15 mA, then the common base current gain will be A) 0.98 B) 0.41 C) 59 D) 55  

Answer :  If the base current of a BJT is 250 µA and emitter current is 15 mA, then the common base current gain will be 0.98 

Description : What are the seven base units?

Answer : Length, mass, time, electric current, temperature, luminous intensity and amount of substance are the seven base units.

Description : The time base signal in Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO) is  (1) A square wave signal (2) A sawtooth signal (3) A triangular wave signal (4) A sinusoidal signal

Answer : 2 Saw tooth 

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Description : What are the criteria for selection of site for hydroelectric power plant?

Answer : Following Factors to be kept while site selecting for Hydro power plant:  1. It should be located where high rain fall occurs. 2. A large catchments area must be available to store water. 3. It ... 12. Cost of land should be less. 13. Skilled and unskilled man power should be available nearby.

Description : Explain the function of different parts of a typical nuclear power plant with neat sketch. 

Answer : Functions of each part of Nuclear power plant:-  1) Nuclear Reactor: In nuclear reactor the fuel rod of U235 is placed through which tremendous amount of heat energy is ... is mechanically coupled with steam turbine. 8) Alternator: It converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.

Description : With a neat diagram explain pumped storage hydro power plant. 

Answer : Diagram of pumped storage hydro power plant: Explanation: In this power plant, generator is so designed that it Converts mechanical power into electrical power and also works as a ... helps in reducing a reserve capacity of PP as it provides additional power during peak load period. 

Description : Draw a layout of a thermo-chemical based power plant. 

Answer : Layout of a thermo-chemical based power plant:  In this process dry biomass fuels converted to produce gas ,liquid fuels or oil by thermo chemical conversion Thermo-Chemical conversion are of following ways:- 1. Direct combustion 2. Gasification 3. Pyrolysis

Description : With a neat diagram explain solar photovoltaic power plant. 

Answer : Diagram of solar photovoltaic power plant :  Explanation:  Solar power plant consists of following components:  1. Photovoltaic cell panel: Its function is to convert sunrays directly into DC ... .  5. Step-up transformer: It step-up input voltage to utilization voltage e.g. 230V

Description : Draw and explain fixed dome type biogas plant. 

Answer : Diagram of fixed dome type biogas plant: Explanation of layout of biogas plant by the method of fermentation conversion  1. Foundation : Biomass plant consists of pit excavated to desire ... the slurry from the top of the dome with the help of stirrer which is at digester chamber.

Description : The overall efficiency of Thermal Power Plant is equal to _______________ .  (A) Regenerative Cycle Efficiency (B) Renkine Cycle Efficiency (C) Carnot cycle efficiency (D) None of the above

Answer : The overall efficiency of Thermal Power Plant is equal to Regenerative Cycle Efficiency. 

Description : In a thermal power plant, ash is collected in

Answer : In a thermal power plant, ash is collected in hoppers or bunkers

Description : The rankine cycle efficiency of steam power plant is  (1) 60-80% (3) 30-45% (2) 45-80% (4) 20-30%

Answer : The rankine cycle efficiency of steam power plant is 30-45%

Answer : In a power plant if the maximum demand on the plant is equal to the plant capacity, then plant reserve capacity will be zero.

Answer : Hydroelectric power plant is expected to have the longest life.

Answer : A low utilization factor for a plant indicates that plant is used for stand by purpose.

Answer : Maximum demand on a power plant is the greatest of all "short time interval averaged" demand during a period.

Answer : Annual operating expenditure of a power plant consists of fixed charges, semi-fixed charges, running charges.

Answer : Power plant having maximum demand more than the installed rated capacity will have utilisation factor more than unity.

Description : What is the largest power plant in the world?

Answer : japam

Description : How many watts does a power plant produce?

Description : What is the most common type of power plant?

Answer : Hydroelectric  power  plant.

Description : How much electricity is produced by a power plant?

Answer : 1. Connected Load: It is the sum of load of all equipment's connected to supply system which are in use or not in use of each consumer. OR   The sum of connected load of all consumers ... is the maximum load which a consumer uses at a particular time period out of his total connected load. 

Description : In order to have a lower cost of electrical energy generation the load factor  (1) and the diversity factor should be low (2) should be low but the diversity factor should be high (3) should be high but the diversity factor should be low (4) and the diversity factor both should be high

Answer : In order to have a lower cost of electrical energy generation the load factor and the diversity factor both should be high

Answer : Generators for peak load plants are usually designed for maximum efficiency at 50 to 75 percent full load.

Answer : In a load curve the highest point represents peak demand.

Answer : The increased load during summer months is due to increased use of fans and air conditioners.

Answer : Load curve is useful in deciding the operating schedule of generating units, sizes of generating units, total installed capacity of the plant.

Answer : The area under a load curve gives energy consumed.

Answer : In two part tariff, variation in load factor will affect operating or running charges.

Answer : A load curve indicates average kWh (kW) energy consumption during the period.

Answer : High load factor indicates total plant capacity is utilised for most of the time.

Answer : The load factor of domestic load is usually 10 to 15%.

Answer : Load factor of a power station is generally less than unity.

Answer : Most efficient plants are normally used as base load plants.

Description : Power station having Load factor = 70%, capacity factor = 50%, used factor = 60%, maximum demand = 20MW then annual energy production is  (1) 122.8 GWh (2) 198.55 GWh (3) 128.2 GWh (4) 188.82 GWh

Answer : Power station having Load factor = 70%, capacity factor = 50%, used factor = 60%, maximum demand = 20MW then annual energy production is 122.8 GWh

Description : Why does the speed of a DC shunt motor decrease as the load increases?

Answer : Because if the load is increasing then the torque must also be increase. If not then the speed of motor will decrease.

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