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A good voltage regulation of a transformer means?

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A good voltage regulation of a transformer means output voltage fluctuation from no load to full load is least.

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Description : A transformer has negative voltage regulation when its load power factor is   (1) Zero (2) Unity (3) Leading (4) Lagging

Answer : Leading

Answer : A transformer can have regulation closer to zero on leading power factor.

Description : A ferro resonant transformer regulation is also known as?

Answer : A ferro resonant transformer regulation is also known as constant current transformer.

Description : Negative voltage regulation is indicative that the load is?

Answer : Negative voltage regulation is indicative that the load is capacitive.

Description : Minimum voltage regulation occurs when the power factor of the load is?

Answer : Minimum voltage regulation occurs when the power factor of the load is leading.

Description : Identify the increasing order of voltage regulation of the following dc generators a same load :  (A) differential compound, shunt and under compound  (B) shunt, differential compound and ... C) under compound, shunt and differential compound  (D) shunt, under compound and differential compound

Answer : Identify the increasing order of voltage regulation of the following dc generators a same load : under compound, shunt and differential compound 

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Description : In a given transformer for a given applied voltage, losses which remain constant irrespective of load changes are?

Answer : In a given transformer for a given applied voltage, losses which remain constant irrespective of load changes are hysteresis and eddy current losses.

Description : The voltage transformation ratio of a transformer is equal to the ratio of?

Answer : The voltage transformation ratio of a transformer is equal to the ratio of secondary induced e.m.f. to primary induced e.m.f.

Description : If a transformer is switched on to a voltage more than the rated voltage?

Answer : If a transformer is switched on to a voltage more than the rated voltage its power factor will deteriorate.

Description : State and justify which of the following two transformers is better:  Transformer A = 4% voltage regulation  Transformer B = 6% voltage regulation

Answer : Transformer A with 4% voltage regulation is better.  Justification: Voltage regulation refers to the percentage change in secondary voltage when load is changed from no-load to full-load with primary voltage ... 4% voltage regulation, which is less as compared to 6% of transformer B, it is better.

Description : Step-down transformer converts high voltage and low current into:  (A) How voltage and high current (B) High voltage and low current (C) Low voltage and high current (D) None of the above

Answer : Step-down transformer converts high voltage and low current into: Low voltage and high current

Description : The kVA rating of Three-phase transformer with Voltage = 200V and Current = 100A will be :  (A) 34.64 kVA (B) 75 kVA (C) 20 kVA (D) None of the above

Answer : The kVA rating of Three-phase transformer with Voltage = 200V and Current = 100A will be : 34.64 kVA

Description : What is a capacitor voltage transformer? A) It is a transformer used in power systems to step up low voltage signals and provide extra high voltage B) It is a transformer used in power systems ... in power systems to step down extra high voltage signals and provide low voltage D) None of these

Answer : What is a capacitor voltage transformer? A) It is a transformer used in power systems to step up low voltage signals and provide extra high voltage B) It is a transformer used in power systems ... power systems to step down extra high voltage signals and provide low voltage D) None of these

Description : What is impulse voltage of transformer?

Answer : yes High Voltage side of Transformer winding have more number of turns. and low voltage side of Transformer winding have less number of turns.

Description : Define line regulation and load regulation.

Answer : Load regulation is the ability of the power supply to maintain its specified output voltage over changes in the load. Line regulation is the ability of the power supply to maintain its specified output voltage over changes in the input line voltage.

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Description : Define load and line regulation.

Answer : 1. Load regulation : The load regulation indicates how much the load voltage changes when the load current changes. The load regulation is defined as:  % Load regulation = (VNL-VFL) / VFL *100  ... the power supply. A well-regulated power supply can have a line regulation of less than 0.1%.  

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Description : All good conductors have high?

Answer : All good conductors have high conductance.

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Answer : A material for good magnetic memory should have high retentivity.

Description : What is good power quality?

Answer : A transformer cannot raise or lower the voltage of a D.C. supply because Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction are not valid since the rate of change of flux is zero.

Answer : The no load current in a transformer lags behind the applied voltage by an angle of about 75°.

Answer : When a given transformer is run at its rated voltage but reduced frequency, its core flux density is increased.

Description : The voltage regulation of a transformer, with ohmic drop 2% and reactance drop 5% of the voltage at 0.8 lagging power factor, will be (a) 7% (b) 5.6% (c) 5.3% (d) 4.6%

Description : In a transformer the voltage regulation will be zero when it operates at (A) unity p.f. (B) leading p.f. (C) lagging p.f. D) zero p.f. leading.

Answer : In a transformer the voltage regulation will be zero when it operates at leading p.f.

Description : In a transformer, zero voltage regulation at full load is   (a)Not possible   (b) Possible at unity power factor load   (c) Possible at leading power factor load   (d) Possible at lagging power factor load

Answer : In a transformer, zero voltage regulation at full load is Possible at leading power factor load 

Description : Explain the effect of Harmonics on the Transformer.

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Description : List two special feature of welding transformer.

Answer : Special features of welding transformer: i) It is a step down transformer that reduces the source voltage to a voltage desired according to the demands of the welding process. ii) Having large primary turns and less ... V ii) Secondary voltage - 40 to 60 V iii) Secondary current - 200 to 600 A

Description : State two applications of isolation transformer

Answer : Applications of isolation transformer: i) Isolates the load equipment from supply ground: ii) Reduction of voltage spikes iii) It acts as a decoupling device. iv) Protects loads from harmonic distortion.

Description : State why a transformer always have an efficiency of more than 90%.

Answer : As transformer is static device with no moving parts, the losses due to friction & windage are completely absent. Hence transformer has efficiency of more than 90%.

Description : Equivalent circuit of transformer

Answer : Equivalent Circuit Diagram of Transformer Referred to Primary: V1 -Primary Input voltage I1 - Input Current I0- Exciting current/ No load current Im- Magnetizing component ... equivalent of secondary terminal voltage ZL- Load impedance ZL ′- Primary equivalent of load impedance

Description : Single phase transformer

Answer : Single phase Transformer Transformer

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Answer : The use of transformer  is to do lower or raise  the voltage or currents in an electrical  circuit.  That's quite so simple. 

Description : Write about transformer on DC.

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Description : Even at no-load, a transformer draws current from the mains. Why?

Description : State any four characteristics of core type transformer.

Answer : Characteristics of core type transformer: i) It has one window. ii) It has one magnetic circuit. iii) Core surrounds the winding. iv) Average length of core is more. v) Area of cross ... Better cooling for winding. vii) Mechnical strength is comparatively less. viii) Repair and maintenance is easy.

Description : Explain construction and working of single phase Auto transformer.

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Answer : No-load current in a transformer lags behind the voltage by about 75°.

Answer : The purpose of providing an iron core in a transformer is to decrease the reluctance of the magnetic path.

Answer : In the transformer low voltage winding has got more cross-sectional area.

Answer : Primary winding of a transformer could either be a low voltage or high voltage winding.

Answer : High voltage winding in a transformer has more number of turns.

Answer : The efficiency of a power transformer is of the order of 98 percent.

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