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Compare ground wave propagation. Sky wave propagation and space wave propagation.
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Sr. N o
Parameter
Ground Wave Propagation
Sky Wave Propagation
Space wave Propagation
1 Frequency Range
30 kHz to 3 MHz 
3 MHz to 30 MHz
frequencies above 30 MHz
2 Polarization
Vertical
vertical
Horizontal
3 Applications
Radio Broadcasting (MW Range)
Radio Broadcasting (SW Range)
Satellite communication, TV , frequency modulation broadcast, RADAR system etc
4 Range of Communication
Less (OR) Few hundred Km
More (OR) Few Thousand Km
More (OR) Few Thousand Km
5 Limitations
Limited Range, Tall Antenna Required, High transmission power.
Skip Distance, Power loss due to absorption of energy in layers.
These waves are limited to the curvature of the earth. 2. These waves have line of sight propagation, ...
6 Fading Problem
less
Severe
Less
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