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A ferro resonant transformer regulation is also known as?

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A ferro resonant transformer regulation is also known as constant current transformer.

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Answer : A transformer can have regulation closer to zero on leading power factor.

Description : A good voltage regulation of a transformer means?

Answer : A good voltage regulation of a transformer means output voltage fluctuation from no load to full load is least.

Description : A transformer has negative voltage regulation when its load power factor is   (1) Zero (2) Unity (3) Leading (4) Lagging

Answer : Leading

Description : Describe the concept of Ferro electricity. Explain the application of Ferro electric material

Answer : The ferroelectric material has an electric dipole moment and it is spontaneously polarized. They have high dielectric constant which is nonlinear because it is dependent on the intensity of ... used in condensers to concentrate considerable quantities of electric energy within a small space. 

Description : Negative voltage regulation is indicative that the load is?

Answer : Negative voltage regulation is indicative that the load is capacitive.

Description : Minimum voltage regulation occurs when the power factor of the load is?

Answer : Minimum voltage regulation occurs when the power factor of the load is leading.

Description : A series R-L-C Circuit has a resonant frequency of 1000 Hz. If the values of R, L and C are doubled, the new resonant frequency is

Answer : A series R-L-C Circuit has a resonant frequency of 1000 Hz. If the values of R, L and C are doubled, the new resonant frequency is 500 Hz

Description : In a series L-C circuit at the resonant frequency the?

Answer : In a series L-C circuit at the resonant frequency the current is maximum.

Description : In R-L-C series resonant circuit magnitude of resonance frequency can be changed by changing the value of?

Answer : In R-L-C series resonant circuit magnitude of resonance frequency can be changed by changing the value of L or C.

Description : In series resonant circuit, increasing inductance to its twice value and reducing capacitance to its half value?  

Answer : In series resonant circuit, increasing inductance to its twice value and reducing capacitance to its half value will increase the selectivity of the circuit.

Description : In a series resonant circuit, the impedance of the circuit is?

Answer : In a series resonant circuit, the impedance of the circuit is minimum.

Description : State and justify which of the following two transformers is better:  Transformer A = 4% voltage regulation  Transformer B = 6% voltage regulation

Answer : Transformer A with 4% voltage regulation is better.  Justification: Voltage regulation refers to the percentage change in secondary voltage when load is changed from no-load to full-load with primary voltage ... 4% voltage regulation, which is less as compared to 6% of transformer B, it is better.

Description : Define line regulation and load regulation.

Answer : Load regulation is the ability of the power supply to maintain its specified output voltage over changes in the load. Line regulation is the ability of the power supply to maintain its specified output voltage over changes in the input line voltage.

Description : Classify hydro-electric power plants according to water flow regulation and explain in brief.

Answer : Classification of hydro-electric power plants according to water flow regulation of water flow:-  1. Large reservoir power plant 2. Run-off river (ROR) power plant with poundage 3. Run-off River ... depends upon rate of flow of water Initial cost is less Its purpose is to generate electricity.

Description : Define load and line regulation.

Answer : 1. Load regulation : The load regulation indicates how much the load voltage changes when the load current changes. The load regulation is defined as:  % Load regulation = (VNL-VFL) / VFL *100  ... the power supply. A well-regulated power supply can have a line regulation of less than 0.1%.  

Description : Identify the increasing order of voltage regulation of the following dc generators a same load :  (A) differential compound, shunt and under compound  (B) shunt, differential compound and ... C) under compound, shunt and differential compound  (D) shunt, under compound and differential compound

Answer : Identify the increasing order of voltage regulation of the following dc generators a same load : under compound, shunt and differential compound 

Description : The unit of speed regulation of a governor is :  (A) Hz (B) Hz/MW (C) Hz/MVA (D) rpm/MVAR

Answer : The unit of speed regulation of a governor is : Hz/MW

Answer : The voltage regulation in magnetic amplifier type voltage regulator is effected by varying the reactance.

Description : Which motor has the best speed regulation?

Description : The noise produced by a transformer is termed as?

Answer : The noise produced by a transformer is termed as hum.

Description : Explain the effect of Harmonics on the Transformer.

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Description : List two special feature of welding transformer.

Answer : Special features of welding transformer: i) It is a step down transformer that reduces the source voltage to a voltage desired according to the demands of the welding process. ii) Having large primary turns and less ... V ii) Secondary voltage - 40 to 60 V iii) Secondary current - 200 to 600 A

Description : State two applications of isolation transformer

Answer : Applications of isolation transformer: i) Isolates the load equipment from supply ground: ii) Reduction of voltage spikes iii) It acts as a decoupling device. iv) Protects loads from harmonic distortion.

Description : State why a transformer always have an efficiency of more than 90%.

Answer : As transformer is static device with no moving parts, the losses due to friction & windage are completely absent. Hence transformer has efficiency of more than 90%.

Description : Equivalent circuit of transformer

Answer : Equivalent Circuit Diagram of Transformer Referred to Primary: V1 -Primary Input voltage I1 - Input Current I0- Exciting current/ No load current Im- Magnetizing component ... equivalent of secondary terminal voltage ZL- Load impedance ZL ′- Primary equivalent of load impedance

Description : Single phase transformer

Answer : Single phase Transformer Transformer

Description : What is the use of transformer?

Answer : The use of transformer  is to do lower or raise  the voltage or currents in an electrical  circuit.  That's quite so simple. 

Description : Write about transformer on DC.

Answer : Transformer on DC : Transformer cannot work on DC. Transformer works on electromagnetic induction principle. Electromagnetic induction principle means when flux linking with coil changes and EMF induced in it ... winding insulation will burn. https://youtu.be/TVp_0fIfxqY

Description : Even at no-load, a transformer draws current from the mains. Why?

Description : State any four characteristics of core type transformer.

Answer : Characteristics of core type transformer: i) It has one window. ii) It has one magnetic circuit. iii) Core surrounds the winding. iv) Average length of core is more. v) Area of cross ... Better cooling for winding. vii) Mechnical strength is comparatively less. viii) Repair and maintenance is easy.

Description : Explain construction and working of single phase Auto transformer.

Answer : Construction of single phase auto transformer: (i) It has only one winding wound on a laminated circular magnetic core. (ii) The core is made of silicon steel stampings. (iii) The two terminals of the ... help of handle. 5) The same transformer can be used as step-up or step down auto-transformer

Answer : No-load current in a transformer lags behind the voltage by about 75°.

Answer : The purpose of providing an iron core in a transformer is to decrease the reluctance of the magnetic path.

Answer : In the transformer low voltage winding has got more cross-sectional area.

Answer : A transformer cannot raise or lower the voltage of a D.C. supply because Faraday's laws of electromagnetic induction are not valid since the rate of change of flux is zero.

Answer : Primary winding of a transformer could either be a low voltage or high voltage winding.

Answer : High voltage winding in a transformer has more number of turns.

Answer : The efficiency of a power transformer is of the order of 98 percent.

Answer : The no load current in a transformer lags behind the applied voltage by an angle of about 75°.

Answer : In a transformer, routine efficiency depends upon load current and power factor of load.

Answer : The maximum efficiency of a distribution transformer is at 50% full load.

Answer : Transformer breaths in when load on it decreases.

Answer : No-load current of a transformer has small magnitude and low power factor.

Answer : The purpose of providing iron core in a step-up transformer is to decrease the magnitude of magnetizing current.

Answer : The power transformer is a constant main flux device.

Answer : In a transformer, the tappings are generally provided on low voltage side.

Answer : The use of higher flux density in the transformer design reduces weight per kVA.

Answer : The chemical used in breather for transformer should have the quality of cleansing the transformer oil.

Answer : An ideal transformer has infinite values of primary and secondary inductances. The statement is false.

Answer : The transformer ratings are usually expressed in terms of kVA.

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