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Which machine is the exciter of synchronous machine?

1 Answer

DC shunt machine is the exciter of synchronous machine.

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Answer : Synchronsizing power of a synchronous machine is inversely proportional to the synchronous reactance.

Answer : A synchronous machine with low value of short-circuit ratio has lower stability limit.

Description : If we change the excitation of synchronous machine will it affect on power factor?

Answer : Yes, If we change the excitation of synchronous machine it will affect on power factor. If the synchronous motor is overexcited then it will have leading power factor and if the motor is underexcited then it will have lagging power factor.

Description : If we change the excitation of synchronous machine will it affect on motor speed?

Answer : No, If we change the excitation of synchronous machine it will not affect on motor speed.

Description : V - curve of synchronous machine shows the relation between?

Answer : V - curve of synchronous machine shows the relation between AC armature current and DC field current.

Description : Why synchronous machine is called doubly excited machine?

Answer : Armature windings of synchronous machines either deliver 3 phase AC or absorb 3 phase AC source,  whereas field windings are energized from DC source. Thus due to presence of AC on armature and DC on field windings, synchronous machines are often referred as doubly excited machines.

Description : In a synchronous machine, if the field flux axis ahead of the armature field axis in the direction of rotation, the machine is operating as  (1) synchronous motor (2) synchronous generator (3) asynchronous motor (4) asynchronous generator

Answer : In a synchronous machine, if the field flux axis ahead of the armature field axis in the direction of rotation, the machine is operating as synchronous generator 

Description : The 'Equal area criterion' for the determination of transient stability of a synchronous machine connected to an infinite bus  (1) ignores line as well as synchronous machine resistance ... consideration the possibility of machine losing synchronism after it has survived during the first swing.

Answer : 1

Description : The armature current on symmetrical 3 phase short circuit of a synchronous machine (salient pole)  (A) has q -axis current only (B) has d -axis current only (C) has both d and q axis currents (D) cannot be divided between q and d axis currents

Answer : The armature current on symmetrical 3 phase short circuit of a synchronous machine (salient pole) has d -axis current only

Description : During a disturbance on a synchronous machine, the rotor swings form A to B before finally setting down to steady state at point C on the power angle curve. The speed of the machine during oscillation is synchronous at point(s)

Answer : During a disturbance on a synchronous machine, the rotor swings form A to B before finally setting down to steady state at point C on the power angle curve. The speed of the machine during oscillation is synchronous at point(s) only at C

Description : Torque angle for the synchronous machine is the angle between (A) stator magnetic field and rotor magnetic field (B) stator magnetic field and net magnetic field in the air gap (C) rotor magnetic field and net magnetic field in the air gap (D) excitation voltage and impedance voltage drop

Answer : Torque angle for the synchronous machine is the angle between rotor magnetic field and net magnetic field in the air gap

Answer : An exciter for a turbo generator is a shunt generator.

Answer : To limit the operating temperature an electrical machine should have proper current rating.

Description : The maximum constant load torque under which a synchronous motor will pull into synchronism at rated rotor supply voltage and frequency is known as?

Answer : The maximum constant load torque under which a synchronous motor will pull into synchronism at rated rotor supply voltage and frequency is known as pull-in torque.

Description : The maximum torque which a synchronous motor will develop at rest for any angular position of the rotor, at rated stator supply voltage and frequency, is known as?

Description : Which motor have more efficiency, synchronous motor or induction motor?

Answer : Synchronous motor has more efficiency.

Description : The synchronous motor which works on leading power factor and does not drive any mechanical load is called?

Answer : The synchronous motor which works on leading power factor and does not drive any mechanical load is called synchronous condenser.

Description : In a synchronous motor which losses varies with load?

Answer : In a synchronous motor, copper losses varies with load.

Description : Synchronous motor always runs at which speed?

Answer : Synchronous motor always runs at synchronous speed.

Answer : Slip-rings in a synchronous motor carry direct current.

Answer : The efficiency of a properly designed synchronous motor will usually fall in range 85 to 95%.

Description : A synchronous motor has better power factor as compared to that of an equivalent induction motor. This is mainly because?

Answer : A synchronous motor has better power factor as compared to that of an equivalent induction motor. This is mainly because stator supply is not required to produce magnetic field.

Answer : A synchronous motor running with normal excitation adjusts to load increases essentially by increase in armature current.

Answer : The standard full-load power factor ratings for synchronous motors are unity or 0.8 leading.

Answer : The operating speed of a synchronous motor can be changed to new fixed value by changing frequency.

Answer : A synchronous motor can develop synchronous torque at synchronous speed.

Answer : In case one phase of a three-phase synchronous motor is short-circuited the motor will not start.

Answer : Synchronous motors are generally not self-starting because the direction of instantaneous torque reverses after half cycle.

Answer : In a synchronous motor, the armature current has large values for high and low excitation.

Answer :  The size of a synchronous motor decreases with the increase in flux density.

Answer : The duration of sudden short-circuit test on a synchronous motor is usually about one second.

Answer : The construction of a synchronous motor resembles an alternator.

Answer : If the field winding of an unloaded salient pole synchronous motor is open circuited, the motor will stop.

Answer : For power factor correction, synchronous motors operate at no-load and greatly over-excited fields.

Answer : Exciters of synchronous machines are d.c. shunt machines.

Answer : The coupling angle or load angle of synchronous motor is defined as the angle between the rotor and the stator poles of opposite polarity.

Answer : If the synchronous motor, properly synchronised to the supply is running on no load and is having negligible loss then the stator current will be zero.

Answer : The armature current of the synchronous motor has large values for low and high excitation.

Description : How can we reverse the direction of rotation of synchronous motor?

Answer : By reversing supply phase sequence we can reverse the direction of rotation of synchronous motor.

Description : What is the maximum value of torque angle in synchronous motor?

Answer : The maximum value of torque angle in synchronous motor is 90 degrees electrical.

Description : If the load of the normally excited synchronous motor is increased the power factor will?

Answer : If the load of the normally excited synchronous motor is increased the power factor will become lagging.

Description : Hunting in synchronous motor cannot be due to?

Answer : Hunting in synchronous motor cannot be due to windage friction.

Description : The damping winding in synchronous motor is generally used to?

Answer : The damping winding in synchronous motor is generally used to provide starting torque and prevent hunting.

Description : If the field of synchronous motor is under excited, power factor will be?

Answer : If the field of synchronous motor is under excited, power factor will be lagging.

Description : An unexcited single phase synchronous motor is ?

Answer : An unexcited single-phase synchronous motor is reluctance motor.

Description : A synchronous motor can be made self starting by providing?

Answer : A synchronous motor can be made self-starting by providing damper bar.

Description : The back emf of synchronous motor depends on?

Answer : The back emf of synchronous motor depends on load angle.

Description : Can we use the synchronous motor as the synchronous capacitor?

Answer : Yes, we can use the synchronous motor as the synchronous capacitor when the synchrnous motor is overexcited.

Description : The synchronous motor will develop maximum power when the load angle is?

Answer : The synchronous motor will develop maximum power when the load angle is 900.

Description : what will happen when excitation of an unloaded salient pole synchronous motor suddenly gets disconnected?

Answer : When excitation of an unloaded salient pole synchronous motor suddenly gets disconnected the motor will stop.

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