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What is the principle of AC motor?
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What is the principle of synchronous motor?

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What are the parts of AC motor?

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Description :

AC motor

Answer :

AC motor AC motor have two types one is Induction motor and second is synchronous motor. Induction motor have two types one is single phase induction motor and second is three phase ... self starting motor so using  external motor or we have to start it as induction motor.

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What is the principle of DC motor?

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Answer :

Induction motor is a AC motor it is also known as asynchronous motor .

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Explain the working principle of induction motor. 

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Working principle of induction motor: * When the motor is excited with three-phase supply, three-phase stator winding carries three-phase currents & produces a rotating magnetic field of constant magnitude and ... , which tend to move the rotor in the same direction as the rotating magnetic field. 

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State the principle of operation of d.c. motor.

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When a current carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field, the conductor experiences the force. The magnitude of force is given by F = BIL newton  where F – Force   B – maximum flux density   I – Current   L – Length of conductor

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A hysteresis motor works on the principle of hysteresis loss.

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State the modification to be done in dc series motor to work satisfactorily as ac series motor. State applications of ac series motor.

Answer :

Modifications are necessary in a dc series motor so that it operates satisfactorily on ac supply. The modifications are as follows:  1) AC series motor is built with a few field turns as ... and grinders 5) High speed vacuum cleaners 6) Sewing machines 7) Food processors 8) Drilling machine 

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The direction of rotation of an inverter fed 3-phase ac motor is reversed by (A) a mechanical reversing switch (B) reversing the input dc link voltage (C) operating the inverter as a rectifier (D) changing the sequence of switching

Answer :

The direction of rotation of an inverter fed 3-phase ac motor is reversed by changing the sequence of switching

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Answer :

If a D.C. motor is connected across the A.C. supply it will burn due to heat produced in the field winding by eddy currents.

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Answer :

A.C. series motor as compared to D.C. series motor has smaller brush width, less number of field turns, more number of armature turns, less air gap.

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Answer :

If a D.C. series motor is operated on A.C. supply, it will spark excessively, have poor efficiency, have poor power factor.

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In a A.C. series motor armature coils are usually connected to commutator through resistance.

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What is the principle of DC generator?

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Answer :

In A.C. series motor compensating winding is employed to reduce sparking at the brushes.

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What is the difference between an AC and DC generator?

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The generator which generates DC voltage is called DC generator and generator which generates AC voltage is called AC generator (or) Alternator. In DC generator armature is rotated and field winding ... generator. A DC generator can generate low voltages but an AC generator can generate upto 11kv.

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A three-phase synchronous motor connected to ac mains is running at full load and unity power factor. lf its shaft load is reduced by half and field current is held constant then its new power factor will be

Answer :

Leading

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What is the working principle of pressure transmitter?

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Explain the principle of ON-OFF control and phase control of AC voltage controller with suitable circuit and waveforms.

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The integral cycle control (on-off control) and phase angle control are the two types of AC voltage controller. The principle of ON-OFF control: The on-off control is also called an integral cycle ... control. In phase control, the switch is on for some period of each cycle.  

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UNIT 1 fundamentals of AC rotating machine Contents 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Advantages 1.3 Parts of AC machines 1.4 Synchronous speed 1.5 AC winding 1.6 Winding factor (Coil pitch and distributed winding) 1.7 Distribution factor 1.8 EMF equation of alternator or generator 1.9 Numericals 1.10 Harmonic 1.11 Slot harmonics 1.12 Harmonics minimization

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1.2 Advantages: In practices most of alternator have rotating magnetic field type construction with stationary armature due to following reason. The generation level of AC voltage may be in the range ... at high speed. Only two Slip rings are required to excited the field by AC supply.

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Description :

State working principle of alternator. State the meaning self and separate excitation. 

Answer :

Working principle of alternator: When a conductor is moved in magnetic field or a magnetic field moved with respect to conductor, according to Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, the conductor ... like battery or shaft-mounted exciter, then the excitation is said to be separate excitation.

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Explain with neat sketch the working principle of MIG.

Answer :

In metal-arc inert gas welding the Weld area is shielded by an effectively inert atmosphere of argon, helium, carbon dioxide, or various other gas mixtures . The consumable bare Wire is fed automatically ... of the molten-weld puddle. Multiple-weld layers can be deposited at the joint. 

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Describe the working principle of Thyristor operated dimmer with the help of circuit diagram.

Answer :

Thyristor operated dimmer: A popular thyristor operated dimmer circuit employ TRIAC-DIAC phase control for low AC power control. During each half-cycle, the capacitor charges through (R1+VR1). When the ... time constant {C (R1+VR1)}. Thus by reducing VR1 the lamp brightness can be increased.

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Description :

 operating principle of PUT.

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Constructional diagram & Operating principle of PUT:  The PUT is a PNPN device similar to SCR, but its operation is similar to the UJT. The PUT behave like a UJT whose trigger voltage VP can be set ... low resistance and VAK ≈ 1V). The PUT is also referred to as a complementary SCR (CSCR). 

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Description :

State the working principle of gears and give its applications.

Answer :

Working Principle:  Gears are mechanical elements which transmit motion by means of successively engaging teeth.  Gears are used to transmit motion from one shaft to another or between ... Agricultural equipment.  Industrial construction.  Mining equipment.  Automotive equipment.

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Description :

State principle of operation of piezo-electric transducer. State its application.

Answer :

The piezoelectric element used for converting mechanical movement into electric signals. The mechanical deformation generates charges and this charge appears as a voltage across the electrodes.  ... destructive test (NDT) equipments 6. Piezoelectric materials are used in ultrasonic transducers. 

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Description :

Describe the working principle of photoelectric pickup type tacho-generator.

Answer :

Working: Working principle: The light passes through the holes available on the rotating disc with a specific interval, depends on the angular speed of disc having equidistant holes. The frequency of this light pulses ... by N=f/HS  N=speed  f=frequency  Hs=holes on the disc

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Description :

Explain construction and working principle of single phase transformer.

Answer :

A single phase transformers is an electrical device that accepts single-phase AC power and outputs single-phase AC. PRINCIPLE... The single-phase transformer works on the principle of ... and secondary windings. Thin steel laminations shall be employed to prevent power losses from the core.

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Description :

Describe principle of operation of Doppler type ultrasonic flow meter with diagram. 

Answer :

Diagram: Working:  The flow meter consists of a crystal transducer mounted outside the pipe in which flow is to be measured. This transducer is a piezoelectric crystal which ... , so the frequency of the reflected wave is shifted to particle velocity, according to Doppler principle.

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Description :

State working principle of earth tester.

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Earth tester:-The resistance of the earth is measured with the help of earth tester. It consists of a hand cranked type generator, the magnet poles, crossed coils and flexible spirals. It consists ... deflection of the pointer will indicate directly resistance in ohm of the earth under test.

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Description :

Draw construction of Megger and write operating principle of it.

Answer :

Megger:  Working: Two coils the current coil and pressure coil are mounted at an angle on the same spindle and form the part of the moving system. These coils are connected to a small hand driven ... . When the instrument is not working the pointer may rest at any position on the dial.

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Description :

State working principle of PMMC instrument.

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Working Principle of PMMC Instrument: When current carrying conductor is placed in a constant magnetic field, it experiences a force proportional to the current and produces proportional deflection torque. 

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Description :

Explain the operating principle of LASER and list applications of LASER diode.

Answer :

A basic construction of Laser diode is as shown . A PN junction is formed by two layers of doped gallium arsenide. There is highly reflective surface at one end of PN junction and ... 6. laser scanning and light beam illumination. 7. Military applications 8. Medical surgery 9.Diamond cutting

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Description :

Draw symbol of LED and explain it’s working principle.

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Construction of LED: The basic structure of LED is shown in fig.(a). The active region exists between the p and n regions. The light emerges from the active side in all the directions when electron hole-pairs ... fig.(c). In this way an LED emits light. This is the principle of operation of LED.

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Description :

State the working principle of transformer.

Answer :

Working principle of transformer : Transformer works on the principle of mutual electromagnetic induction. When AC voltage is applied to the primary winding it causes ac current to flow through primary ... the secondary winding. The current flows in the secondary circuit if load is connected.

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Description :

The transformer works on the principle of: (A) Mutual induction (B) Mutual capacitance (C) All of the above (D) None of the above

Answer :

The transformer works on the principle of:  Mutual induction

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Description :

Principle of Thermocouple is based on :  (A) Thomson effect (C) Seebeck effect (B) Peltier effect (D) Kelvin effect

Answer :

 The  principle is  based on Seebeck   effect.

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Description :

D' Alembert's principle is used for?

Answer :

D' Alembert's principle is used for reducing the problem of kinetics to equivalent statics problem.

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Description :

According to principle of moments?

Answer :

According  to  principle  of  moments  clockwise  moments  equals   anticlockwise  moments.

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What would happen if a DC motor was supplied with AC ?

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With three phase induction motor, humming and not rotate, but if single phase universal motor like air blower, home mixture, motor run on constant speed..speed variation not possible...

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The armature may burn if the back e.m.f. of a D.C. motor vanishes suddenly.

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Centrifugal switch disconnects the auxiliary winding of the motor at about 70 to 80 percent of synchronous speed.

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What is the definition of induction motor?

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its working on magnetic base made by coils and its work with 1 phase or 3 phase ac or dc supply

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What is the function of induction motor?

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while you give supply to motor its motor run on magnet base 

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What will happen if you increase the current in the motor?

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Increasing current means increasing frequency of the motor because current is directly proportional to rotations of the motor rotor

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What is the use of synchronous motor?

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What is the RPM of a DC motor?

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What is mean by plugging in three phase induction motor?

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Plugging in three-phase induction motor means interchanging of any two phases of a stator for quick stopping.

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What are the speed control methods of dc motor?

Answer :

Field control of DC motor Armature control of DC motor

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