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Why DC motor is used for traction?

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Description : The motor used for electric traction is  (1) D.C. shunt motor (3) D.C. series motor  (2) D.C. compound motor (4) Synchronous motor

Answer : The motor used for electric traction is D.C. series motor

Description : Which motor is used in traction system?

Answer : The D.C. motors preferred for traction applications beacuse the speed is inversely proportional to the torque and the torque is proportional to square of armature current.

Description : Which type of starter is used to start the DC motor?

Answer : The type of D.C. motor used for shears and punches is cumulative compound D.C. motor.

Description : Which type of motor is used in lift?

Answer : Synchronous motor

Answer : An ideal traction system should have easy speed control, high starting tractive effort, equipment capable of with standing large temporary loads.

Description : What is the traction system?

Answer : The voltage used for suburban trains in D.C. system is usually 600 to 750 V.

Description : Why does the speed of a DC shunt motor decrease as the load increases?

Answer : Because if the load is increasing then the torque must also be increase. If not then the speed of motor will decrease.

Description : Why dc series motor should not be started at no load?

Description : Why a dc series motor has a high starting torque?

Description : State at least one function and the material used for the following parts of DC Motor.

Answer : Part Function Material Yoke -Provides mechanical support for poles -Acts as protecting cover for machine -Provides path for magnetic flux Cast Iron OR Cast Steel Field Winding - ... Pole core  Provides mechanical support to field winding. Cast Iron OR Cast Steel

Description : Describe the reason of using dc series motor for electric trains.

Answer : Electric trains require an inverse torque speed characteristics for proper operation. That is a higher torque is required at start (when speed is nil or low) and as the train picks up ... torque - speed characteristics of DC series motors match, these motors are suitable for electric trains

Description : In a 4-pole wave winding connected dc motor, the cross-magnetizing AT/pole for a brush shift of θ radians (A) Armature amp-conductors × (θ/360o) (B) Armature amp-turns × (θ/360o) (C) Armature amp-conductors × (1/4 - θ/360o) (D) Armature amp-conductors × (1/8 - θ/360o)

Answer : In a 4-pole wave winding connected dc motor, the cross-magnetizing AT/pole for a brush shift of θ radians Armature amp-conductors × (1/8 - θ/360o)

Description : In a dc machine, interpoles are used to  (1) neutralize the effect of armature reaction in the interpolar region (2) generate more induced emf in the armature (3) avoid interference of the armature flux with the main -field flux (4) reduce the demagnetizing effect of armature reaction

Answer : In a dc machine, interpoles are used to neutralize the effect of armature reaction in the interpolar region

Description : How is a thyristor used to convert AC to DC?

Description : State the insulating materials used in motor. Write temperature class and withstand temperature ranges for them. 

Answer : The insulating materials used in motor are as belows: 1. Cotton, 2. Silk, or paper, 3. Press board, 4. Resins 5. PVC 6. Cellulose-Fiber, 7. Enameled coating, etc  ... Over 180° Mica, porcelain, ceramics, glass quartz, asbestos, treated glass fiber or treated asbestos. etc.

Description : State starters used for i) 3-Ph squirrel cage induction motor (3HP) ii) D.C. motor 

Answer : Name the starters used for following motors : i) 3 H.P. 3-Ph squirrel cage I.M: i) DOL starter OR ii) Star-Delta Starter OR ii) Auto transformer starter OR iii) Soft start starter.  ii) D.C Shunt Motor : 1) Armature resistance starter (Three Point Starter) OR 2) Four Point Starter 

Answer : The motor used for the compressors is capacitor-start capacitor-run motor.

Answer : The shaded pole motor is used for low starting torque.

Answer : The speed control of universal motor used for sewing machines is by varying the resistance.

Answer : In a two value capacitor motor, the capacitor used for running purposes is paper spaced oil filled type.

Answer : A shaded pole motor can be used for toys, hair dryers, circulators etc.

Description : In electric traction for a trapezoidal speed-time curve, the time period is (A) free running speed period = constant speed period (B) free running period = coasting period (C) free running period + coasting period = constant speed period (D) average speed period = scheduled speed period

Answer : In electric traction for a trapezoidal speed-time curve, the time period is free running period + coasting period = constant speed period

Description : State the modification to be done in dc series motor to work satisfactorily as ac series motor. State applications of ac series motor.

Answer : Modifications are necessary in a dc series motor so that it operates satisfactorily on ac supply. The modifications are as follows:  1) AC series motor is built with a few field turns as ... and grinders 5) High speed vacuum cleaners 6) Sewing machines 7) Food processors 8) Drilling machine 

Description : DC motor gross torque example

Answer : .embed-container { position: relative; padding-bottom: 56.25%; height: 0; overflow: hidden; max-width: 100%; } .embed-container iframe, .embed-container object, .embed-container embed { position: absolute; top: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%; }

Description : DC shunt motor

Answer : .embed-container { position: relative; padding-bottom: 56.25%; height: 0; overflow: hidden; max-width: 100%; } .embed-container iframe, .embed-container object, .embed-container embed { position: absolute; top: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%; }

Description : DC motor brake test numerical

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Description : Brake test on DC series motor

Answer : .embed-container { position: relative; padding-bottom: 56.25%; height: 0; overflow: hidden; max-width: 100%; } .embed-container iframe, .embed-container object, .embed-container embed { position: absolute; top: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%; }

Description : If field current is decreased in shunt dc motor, the speed of the motor (a) remains same. (b) increases. (c) decreases. (d) none of the above.

Answer : increases

Description : What would happen if a DC motor was supplied with AC ?

Answer : With three phase induction motor, humming and not rotate, but if single phase universal motor like air blower, home mixture, motor run on constant speed..speed variation not possible...

Description : State the function of following parts of DC motor : i) Yoke ii) Poles iii) Field winding iv) Commutator. 

Answer : Function : i) Yoke: The yoke serves the following two purposes. i) It supports the other components such as poles and provides mechanical protection for whole machine. ii) It forms a part of ... one pole to another and thus to help the motor to develop a continuous and unidirectional torque  

Description : State any four applications of DC shunt motor.

Answer : Applications of DC shunt motor: 1) Lathe machines 2) drilling machines 3) milling machines 4) Printing machinery 5) Paper industry 6) centrifugal and reciprocating pumps 7) blowers 8)fans

Description : A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 W and the field winding resistance is 80 W. The net Voltage across armature resistance at the time of plugging will be

Answer : A 240 V, dc shunt motor draws 15 A while supplying the rated load at a speed of 80 rad/s. The armature resistance is 0.5 W and the field winding resistance is 80 W. The net Voltage across armature resistance at the time of plugging will be 474 V

Description : A 200 V dc shunt motor is running at 1000 rpm and drawing a current of 10 A. Its armature winding resistance is 2 Ohm. It. is braked by plugging. The resistance to be connected in series with armature to restrict armature current to 10 A, is

Answer : A 200 V dc shunt motor is running at 1000 rpm and drawing a current of 10 A. Its armature winding resistance is 2 Ohm. It. is braked by plugging. The resistance to be connected in series with armature to restrict armature current to 10 A, is 36 Ohm

Description : A separately excited dc motor operating in first quadrant is fed from 3-phase semi -converter free -wheeling diode is open circuited, then the motor :  (A) can be operated in first quadrant (B) ... in first & second quadrants (C) can be operated in first & fourth quadrants (D) cannot be operated

Answer : A separately excited dc motor operating in first quadrant is fed from 3-phase semi -converter free -wheeling diode is open circuited, then the motor : can be operated in first & fourth quadrants

Description : In a 2 kW, 200 V, 1000 rpm. DC series motor the torque at full load was found to be 0.3 N -m. The torque at half full load in N -m is :

Answer : In a 2 kW, 200 V, 1000 rpm. DC series motor the torque at full load was found to be 0.3 N -m. The torque at half full load in N -m is : 0.075

Description : The function of a brush and commutator arrangement in a dc motor is to  (1) produce unidirectional torque (2) produce unidirectional current in the armature (3) help in changing the direction of rotation of the armature (4) reduce sparking

Answer : The function of a brush and commutator arrangement in a dc motor is to produce unidirectional torque

Description : In a DC motor, it is important to place the brushes along ______ A) Magnetic Neutral Axis B) Normal Geometric Axis C) Nominal Geometric Axis D) None of these

Answer : In a DC motor, it is important to place the brushes along Magnetic Neutral Axis

Description : The no-load speed of a single-phase SCR bridge converter fed separately excited dc motor operating at a firing delay angle, α and flux, Φ (A) directly proportional to α and Φ (B) ... proportional to α and inversely proportional to Φ (D) directly proportional to Φ and inversely proportional to α

Answer : The no-load speed of a single-phase SCR bridge converter fed separately excited dc motor operating at a firing delay angle, α and flux, Φ directly proportional to α and inversely proportional to Φ

Description : In DC motor iron losses are occurred in?

Answer : In DC motor iron losses are occurred in the armature.

Description : What are the advantages of DC series motor?

Description : What is the RPM of a DC motor?

Description : What is the principle of DC motor?

Description : What is the back EMF of a dc motor?

Description : What are the speed control methods of dc motor?

Answer : Field control of DC motor Armature control of DC motor

Answer : Induction motor is a AC motor it is also known as asynchronous motor .

Description : Chopper controlled DC motor

Answer : Chopper controlled DC motor

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