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Explain design constraint of filter inductor design.

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Description : Explain the iterative inductor design procedure. Show the design procedure flowchart.

Description : Explain the characteristics of inductor to be considered while designing it. What is the effect of over current and increase in temperature on inductor.

Description : Explain the single pass transformer design procedure step by step by giving its flowchart.

Answer : single pass transformer design procedure step by step by giving its flowchart:

Description : What are the design constraints of transformer design?

Answer : Design constraints of transformer design: Core loss, flux density, copper loss and total power loss vs flux density these are the basic constraints in transformer design. Core loss: Flux density: Copper loss: Total power loss vs flux density:

Description : What is design technology? Explain top down design process.

Answer : Design technology: Design technology is the manner in which we convert our concept desired system into an implementation. The three main design technologies are 1. Compilation/Synthesis ... general purpose processors and A Gate-level Netlist for special-purpose processors.

Description : State the applications and specification of (i) Resistor (ii) Capacitor (iii)Inductor

Answer : Application of resistor: 1.Resistors are used in high frequency instrument. 2.Resistor is used in power control circuit. 3.It is used in DC power supplies. 4.Resistors are used ... DC Current  3.Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)  4.Magnetic Saturation Flux Density  5.Curie Temperature 

Description : Why inductor current lags inductor voltage ?

Answer : Inductor is a wire wounding structure having a core material it induces emf which is opposite to the voltage supply and proportional to rate of change of current so current lags the voltage in inductor

Description : An inductor is connected in series with SCR to protect it from A) Excessive high voltage B) Excessive high dv/dt C) Excessive high di/dt D) Excessive large forward current 

Answer : An inductor is connected in series with SCR to protect it from Excessive high di/dt

Description : An inductor of Q factor 10 is connected in series with a capacitor having a Q factor of 100. The overall Q factor of the circuit is :  (A) 100/11 (B) 11/100 (C) 110 (D) 1000

Answer : An inductor of Q factor 10 is connected in series with a capacitor having a Q factor of 100. The overall Q factor of the circuit is : 100/11

Description : What is back EMF in inductor?

Description : What are the types of power losses in inductor?

Answer : Copper losses, Eddy current loss, and hysteresis loss are the types of power losses in inductor.

Description : What is the difference between a coil and an inductor?

Answer : Inductor is covering with insulating material is called coil.so they differentiate between coil and inductor.

Description : What do you mean by active filter? State its advantages over passive filter . Define pass band & stop band with respect to filter.

Answer : Active Filter: Active Filter is formed by using active element along with the passive components.  Advantages of Active filter over Passive filter: High value of pass band gain can be obtained. It is ... pass band.  Stop Band Filter: The frequency range which is attenuated is known as stop band.

Description : need of rectifier and filter. 

Answer : Need of rectifier: Every electronics circuit needs a D.C. power source for its operation. The rectifier circuit is used to convert A.C. supply to unidirectional pulses .  Need of filter: A filter ... only the D.C. components to reach the load. So filter is used to provide ripple free output.

Description : What is the function of an electrical filter ?

Answer : Filter separates different components that are mixed together. Electrical filter can separate different frequency components. Electrical filters are the electrical circuits which are use to remove unwanted frequency components from the signal.

Description : State any four advantages of LC filter.

Answer : 1. The choke input (LC) filter has a high output D.C voltage. 2. It has no loading effect on the rectifier and power transformer.  3. The diode does not have to carry surge currents.  ... effect on the rectifier and power transformer.  7. It has better voltage regulation than that of π filter.

Description : Compare RC and LC filter.

Answer : RC filters  LC filters The RC filter is only useful for small load currents. The LC filters are useful for heavy load currents. More power dissipated in RC filter. Less power ... RC is fine for filtering low power signals. LC is fine for filtering high power signals.

Description : What is the convolution filter?

Description : What is the harmonic filter?

Answer : It is being used to supress the input voltage distortion at input side of any electrical equipment. This distortion is created by other electrical loads like motor, drives etc nearby connected with ... for a range of harmonics or specific harmonics like 3rd harmonics  5th harmonics, 7th harmonics. 

Description : Which capacitors are suitable for DC filter circuits?

Answer : Electrolytic capacitors are suitable for DC filter circuits.

Description : write short notes on Low-pass filter.

Answer : low-pass filter (1) filter exhibiting frequency selective characteristic that allows low-frequency components of an input signal to pass from filter input to output unattenuated all high-frequency components are ... the bandwidth of the filter. A filter whose impulse response is a low-pass signal.

Description : State design considerations for illumination scheme of commercial complex.

Answer : Design considerations for illumination scheme of commercial complex: * Tasks to be performed in the space * Desired light levels based on the tasks performed in the space * Room size ... conditions * Cleanliness of the area during operation * Maintenance schedule * Availability of daylight

Description : Sketch internal design of 4x3 ROM.

Answer : The internal design of 4x3 ROM

Description : Describe different RT level computational and sequential components used to design single function processors.

Answer : RT-level combinational components:- To reduce the complexity in digital logic, combinational components are used, which are more powerful than logic gates.  Such combinational ... during a clock edge. An asynchronous inputs value effects the circuit independent of the clock.

Answer : The power loss is an important factor for the design of transmission line.

Description : What is VLSI logic design?

Description : What is digital circuit design?

Description : What is electronic circuit design?

Description : What is an electronic design?

Description : A capacitor-start single phase induction motor is switched on to supply with its capacitor replaced by an inductor of equivalent reactance value. It will?

Answer : A capacitor-start single phase induction motor is switched on to supply with its capacitor replaced by an inductor of equivalent reactance value. It will not start at all.

Description : .tef file is input file for floorplan

Description : Explain operation of series inductor filter and find out its ripple factor.

Answer : Circuit diagram of series inductor filter :  Operation of Series Inductor Filter : A high value of inductor is connected in series with load. Then the combination is connected across the rectifier. ... Hence increase in current reduces ripple factor. Ripple Factor:- RF = R / 3√2 ω L

Description : What are the essential tight constraint/s related to the design metrics of an embedded system? A. Ability to fit on a single chip B. Low power consumption C. Fast data processing for real-time operations D .All of the above

Answer : D .All of the above 

Description : State the advantages and disadvantages of series inductor and shunt capacitor filter.

Answer : Advantages of series inductor filter 1. It has low ripple factor at heavy load currents (i.e. low load resistance) 2. It has no surge current through the diode. 3. It reduces the ripple in the DC ... . 3. It has low output voltages for heavy loads. 4. Ripple factor is dependent on the load.

Description : Design of IIR filter using Bilinear transformation 2

Answer : Design of IIR filter using Bilinear transformation 2  

Description : A series inductor is normally added in a thyrister circuit for achieving protection against:

Answer : A series inductor is normally added in a thyrister circuit for achieving protection against: high di/dt

Description : Explain the working principle of slug tuned inductor.

Answer : The value of inductor increases, when the slug (moving coil) is moved into the coil winding and hence decreases the resonant frequency of the tuned circuit. Similarly, when the slug is moved out of the ... be varied by using movable core which can be moved up or down by using screw driver.

Description : With help of constructiobal diagram, explain working of slug tunned inductor.

Answer : The variable inductor having an adjustable ferrite core is known as slug tuned inductor. The value of inductance increases or decreases respectively, due to the movement of a ferrite core into or out of ... be varied by using movable core which can be moved up or down by using screw driver. 

Description : Show the relationship of an entailment constraint.

Answer :  Hypothesis ^ Descriptions |= classifications 

Description : Define constraint propagation.

Answer : It is the general term for propagating (i.e.) spreading the implications of constraints on the variable on to other variable. 

Description : The map colouring problem can be solved using which of the following technique? (A) Means-end analysis (B) Constraint satisfaction (C) AO* search (D) Breadth first search

Answer : (B) Constraint satisfaction

Description : The student marks should not be greater than 100. This is (A) Integrity constraint (B) Referential constraint (C) Over-defined constraint (D) Feasible constraint

Answer : (A) Integrity constraint

Description : Drop Table cannot be used to drop a Table referenced by .................. constraint. (a) Primary key (b) Sub key (c) Super key (d) Foreign key (A) (a) (B) (a), (b) and (c) (C) (d) (D) (a) and (d)

Answer : (C) (d)

Description : In constraint satisfaction problem, constraints can be stated as . (A) Arithmatic equations and inequalities that bind the values of variables (B) Arithmatic equations and inequalities ... impose restrictions over variables (D) Arithmatic equations that discard constraints over the given variables

Answer : (A) Arithmatic equations and inequalities that bind the values of variables

Description : In RDBMS, the constraint that no key attribute (column) may be NULL is referred to as: (A) Referential integrity (B) Multi-valued dependency (C) Entity Integrity (D) Functional dependency

Answer : (C) Entity Integrity

Description : Savings rate is relatively low in developed economies because of (1) Low per capita income (2) Welfare programmes (3) Liquidity/Borrowing constraint (4) High interest rate

Answer : Welfare programmes

Description : Define Constraint. 

Answer : Constraints are the rules enforced on the data columns of a table. These are used to limit the type of data that can go into a table. This ensures the accuracy and reliability of the data in ... are applied only to one column, whereas the table level constraints are applied to the whole table. 

Description : Explain the construction and working of filter press.

Answer : Construction: It consists of alternative plate and frame mounted on two parallel support bars. The pressure can be applied through screw thread so that the plate and frame are rigidly fixed between ... Thickness of cake can be varied by using frame of different thickness. Diagram:

Description : Explain any four factors affecting filtration. Draw a well labelled diagram of leaf filter.

Answer : Factors which affect the rate of filtration are:   1. Pressure: The rate of filtration of liquid is directly proportional to the pressure difference between the filter medium and filter cake. Thus, the ... cake increases which decreases the rate of filtration.  Diagram of leaf filter :

Description : Explain working,construction of filter leaf with neat diagram. 

Answer : Construction of filter leaf   It consists of metal frame enclosing a wire screen or a grooved plate. The screen is covered by filter cloth which is fitted in frame, to grip the cloth. The frame ... . The cake can be washed by immersing in a vessel containing water or reverse flow of air

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