search
person
What do you mean by secondary instruments?

1 Answer

The instruments which will give the direct readings are called secondary instruments
thumb_up_alt 0 like thumb_down_alt 0 dislike

Related questions

Description : State the meaning of secondary instrument. Classify secondary instruments.

Answer : Secondary instruments: - Gives reading directly of the quantity being measured. - Calibrated with respect to absolute instruments  Classification of Secondary instruments:  1. Depending on the ... on permissible error: i) Standard meters ii) Substandard meters iii) First grade instruments.

Description : Compare primary and secondary instruments.

Answer : Primary instruments  Secondary instruments  Gives magnitude of quantity in terms of physical constants of instrument  Gives reading directly of the quantity measured.  Need no calibration  ... .  e.g. magnetic meter, induction meter, hotwire meter and electrostatic meter 

Answer : In the majority of instruments, damping is provided by eddy currents.

Description : What is electrical instruments?

Description : Permanent magnet moving coil instruments are used for

Answer : PMME are mostly used for measuring voltage and current.

Answer : Commonly used instruments in power system measurement are induction.

Answer : Operating torques in analogue instruments are deflecting, control and damping.

Answer : The power factor of a single phase load can be calculated if the instruments available are three ammeters or three voltmeters.

Answer : The switch board instruments should be mounted in vertical position.

Answer : According to application, instruments are classified as switch board, portable.

Answer : The use of absolute instruments is merely confined within laboratories as standardizing instruments.

Description : How instruments are classified?

Description : What happens to the voltage in the secondary when the frequency of the supply in the primary is decreased? A) It increases B) It decreases C) It remains the same D) Cannot say unless the actual percentage increase in the frequency is known

Answer : What happens to the voltage in the secondary when the frequency of the supply in the primary is decreased? A) It increases B) It decreases C) It remains the same D) Cannot say unless the actual percentage increase in the frequency is known

Description : Define: primary and secondary distribution system 

Answer : i) Primary Distribution:  It is a 3-phase, 3-wire transmission line connected in between receiving substation to Distribution substation. OR It is link between receiving substation & ... substation to consumer line. OR It is link between distribution transformer substation & consumer. 

Description : State the losses in secondary distribution system. 

Answer : The losses in secondary distribution system: a) Technical losses: 1. Due to poor voltage 2. Due to unbalance load 3. Due poor quality of transformer & its components 4. Due to poor quality ... of induction type of energy meter. 3. Lack of administration. 4. Energy theft 5. Unmetered supply

Description : State the meaning of absolute instrument and secondary instrument. 

Answer : Absolute instruments:   These instruments read the quantity under measurement indirectly i.e. in terms of deflection, degrees and meter constant. The actual value under measurement can be calculated ... of operation (b) Depending upon permissible percentage error. (c) Depending upon application.

Description : Why CT is never operated with an open secondary ?

Answer : CT secondary should never be kept open because it will cause saturation of the core to a high level and very high voltage will appear across the secondary which can breakdown the insulation. One terminal of PT secondary is always grounded to avoid capacitive induction and for human safety

Description : Write difference between absolute & secondary instrument.

Answer : Absolute Instrument Secondary Instrument 1. These give magnitude of quantity in terms physical constants of instruments 1. These give reading directly of the quantity at the time of ... Raleigh current balance. 6. Examples - ammeter, voltmeter, amperehour meter, wattmeter etc.

Description : Which of the following connection of transformers will give highest value of secondary voltage ? (A) Delta primary delta secondary (B) Delta primary star secondary (C) Star primary star secondary (D) Star primary delta secondary

Answer : Which of the following connection of transformers will give highest value of secondary voltage ? (A) Delta primary delta secondary (B) Delta primary star secondary (C) Star primary star secondary (D) Star primary delta secondary

Description : Increasing the number of turns of wire on the secondary of a transformer will  (A) Decrease the secondary current (B) Increase the primary current (C) Have no effect on the secondary current (D) Increase the secondary current

Answer : Increasing the number of turns of wire on the secondary of a transformer will Decrease the secondary current 

Description : A certain transformer has 200 turns in the primary winding, 50 turns in the secondary winding and 120 volts applied to the primary. What is the voltage across the secondary?  (A) 30 Volts (B) 480 Volts (C) 120 Volts (D) 60 Volts

Answer : A certain transformer has 200 turns in the primary winding, 50 turns in the secondary winding and 120 volts applied to the primary. What is the voltage across the secondary?  (A) 30 Volts (B) 480 Volts (C) 120 Volts (D) 60 Volts

Description : If an unsymmetrical line to ground fault occurs at the secondary terminals of a delta/star, ungrounded transformer, then  (A) zero sequence currents are present on both sides of the transformer  (B) ... side  (D) zero sequence currents are present on the primary side but not on the secondary side

Answer : If an unsymmetrical line to ground fault occurs at the secondary terminals of a delta/star, ungrounded transformer, then zero sequence currents are absent on both sides of the transformer 

Description : When secondary of a current transformer is open-circuited its iron core will be?

Answer : When secondary of a current transformer is open-circuited its iron core will be hot because of heavy iron losses taking place in it due to high flux density.

Description : The secondary of a current transformer is always short-circuited under operating conditions because it?

Answer : The secondary of a current transformer is always short-circuited under operating conditions because it avoids core saturation and high voltage induction.

Description : In a transformer the resistance between its primary and secondary should be?

Answer : In a transformer the resistance between its primary and secondary should be infinity.

Description : Electrical Measuring Instruments

Answer : Electrical Measuring Instruments

Description : Compare analog and digital instruments .

Answer : Parameter Analog Instrument Digital Instrument  1 Principle The instrument that displays analog signals is called as on analog instrument.  The instrument that displays ... , etc. Logical analyzer, signature analyzer, computers, microprocessor based instruments, etc. 

Description : calibration and the need of calibration for measuring instruments.

Answer : Calibration - It is a process of estimating the value of a quantity by comparing that quantity with a standard quantity.    Need of calibration: - Calibration defines the accuracy and ... aim of calibration is to minimize any measurement uncertainty by ensuring the accuracy of test equipment.

Description : Advantages of digital instruments

Answer : 1. They are having high input impedance, so there is no loading effect 2. They are having higher accuracy 3. An unambiguous reading is obtained 4. The output can be interfaced with external equipment 5. They are available in smaller size . 

Description : State the effect of dead zone on instruments.

Answer : It is the largest change in input during which the output remains constant. So during dead zone, even if input changes, output remains the same.

Description : Define: i) Range ii) Span of instruments

Answer : i) Range: It is defined as the difference between Greatest and Smallest value of the data or reading of the instrument.  ii) Span: It is defined as the algebraic difference between the upper and lower range values

Description : Explain the essential toques in analog type measuring instruments.

Answer : List of torques in analog instruments:  1. Deflecting torque  2. Controlling / Restraining torque.  3. Damping torque.  1. Deflecting torque: To create deflection proportional to ... the speed higher will be the damping torque bringing the pointer to the equilibrium position quickly. 

Description : State two purposes of calibration of measuring instruments.

Answer : Purposes of calibration of measuring instruments: - The purpose of calibration is to ensure that readings of an instrument are consistent with other instruments. It is also important in determining the ... will need to be calibrated periodically to make sure it can function properly and safely. 

Description : List three types of errors in measuring instruments. Give reasons of occurring for any one of them.

Answer : Types of errors in measuring instruments:  A) Gross error: These are due to mistakes on the part of person using the instrument.  B) Systematic Error: i) Instrumental Error: These ... multiplying factor.  C) Random error: These persist even after gross and systematic errors are removed.

Description : Define following terms related to measuring instruments: i) Sensitivity ii) Selectivity.

Answer : i) Sensitivity: It is the ratio of the change in output signal to the change in input signal of quantity being measured.  ii) Selectivity: It is the term to describe fulfillment of the requirements of measurement by an instrument to be suitable for use in a given situation. 

Description : List out any four effects of electric current used in measuring instruments & write name of meter working on it.

Answer : Effects of Electric Current used in measuring instruments:  1. Magnetic Effect: PMMC and Moving Iron type Ammeters, voltmeter and Dynamometer type wattmeters etc.  2. Electromagnetic induction ... . Electrostatic effect: Voltmeters.  5. Hall Effect: Flux meter, Poynting vector wattmeter.

Description : Describe systematic errors in measuring instruments. 

Answer : Systematic errors: -  ➢ Instrumental Error: These errors are caused due to the mechanical structure of measuring instrument.  a) Inherent shortcomings of instruments: Instrument may read ... or electrostatic fields.  ➢ Observational Error: Parallax errors, incorrect multiplying factor. 

Description : State the material used for moving coil and former for PMMC instruments. 

Answer : Material Used for Moving Coil and Former for PMMC Instruments:  Material used for moving coil: Copper  Material used for Former: Aluminium

Description : List any four effects employed in measuring instruments.

Answer : Effects Employed in Measuring Instruments: 1. Magnetic Effect 2. Electromagnetic induction 3. Heating effect 4. Electrostatic effect 5. Hall Effect 

Description : Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments (SCPI)

Answer : Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments (SCPI) SCPI stands for Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments it is often pronounced as Skippy. SCPI is a instrument language that control the ... is for storing data in instrument. Display : for presentation.

Description : What do you mean by “Tyndallisation” and “Pasteurisation”. State the methods of pasteurisation.

Answer : Tyndallisation : This is a fractional sterilization method. This method is used for sterilization of medicaments unstable at 1150C but able to withstand low temperature heating. This method consist of ... High Temperature Short Time (HTST) Vat pasteurization Ultra High Temperature(UHT)

Description : What do you mean by reserved percolation? Enlist different steps involved in it.

Answer : Reserve percolation:   In this process a part of percolate, generally 3/4th volume of the finished preparation is reserved.(contains high solute concentration) Then the percolation process is continued ... :  a. Imbibition, b. Maceration, c. Percolation, d. Distillation or evaporation.

Description : What do you mean by enteric coated tablet? Give reasons for enteric coating.

Answer : Enteric Coated tablet:   1. These tablets are coated with the material which does not disintegrate in stomach but passes through as it is i.e. enteric polymer e.g.: Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose phthalate ... stomach pH. 4. Drug absorption is better in intestine. 5. Delayed action is needed. 

Description : What do you mean by eco-friendly building materials? State any two properties of it.

Answer : Eco-friendly means earth-friendly or not harmful to the environment. This term most commonly refers to products that contribute to green living or practices that help conserve resources like water and ... It reduces air pollution, land pollution & water pollution. 7. It is locally available. 

Description : What do you mean by Gross National Product? a) The total value of goods and services produced in the country b) The total value of all transactions in the country c) Depreciation in the total ... d) The total value of goods and services produced in the country and net factor income from abroad

Answer : Answer- d

Description : What do you mean by demand of a commodity? a) A desire for the commodity b) Need for the commodity c) Quantity demanded of that commodity d) Quantity of the commodity demanded at a certain price during any particular period of time

Answer : Answer- d

Description : What do you mean by a mixed economy? a) Modern and traditional industries b) Public and private sectors c) Foreign and domestic investments d) Commercial and subsistence farming

Answer : Answer- b

Description : What do you mean by under conditions of perfect competition in the product market? a) MRP=VMP b) MRP>VMP c) VMP>MRP d) None of the above

Answer : Answer- a

Description : What do you mean by the supply of goods? a) Stock available for sale b) Total stock in the warehouse c) The actual production of the good d) Quantity of the good offered for sale at a particular price per unit of time

Answer : Answer- d

Description : What do you mean by normal and reverse fault?

Answer : i) Normal fault: A normal fault is the one in which the hanging wall has apparently moved down with respect to the foot-wall  ii) A Reverse fault is one in which the hanging wall has apparently moved up with respect to the footwall A reverse fault is that thrust which dips more than 450

← Prev Question Next Question →
editChoose topic
...