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What is the power generation?

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Description : What are the types of power generation?

Description : Power generation cost reduces as (A) Diversity factor increases and load factor decreases. (B) Diversity factor decreases and load factor increases. (C) Both diversity factor and load factor increase. (D) Both diversity factor and load factor decrease

Answer : Power generation cost reduces as Both diversity factor and load factor increase.

Description : What is electric power generation transmission and distribution?

Answer : Generation: it wrong word at here.because it is no generation it is conversion of one form of energy into electrical form.it may by using any type of energy. Transmission is just to ... place to other by providing some modifications And distribution means use of this energy for any purpose.

Description : State the different methods of Power Generation adopted in India. 

Answer : 1. Hydro energy or hydro Electric power plant  2. Nuclear energy or nuclear Power Plant  3. Fossil fuels: i) Thermal energy (by combustion of coal) or Thermal Power Plant ii) Natural gas ... from any organic waste materials. It contains mixture of methane(50-65 % in volume) and carbon dioxide

Description : Explain captive power generation in brief

Answer : Advantages of captive power generation:  1. Reliability of supply increases. 2. Power quality is good. (Free from harmonics) 3. Transmission losses reduce as generation is nearby load centre ... . Same steam can be used for generation of electricity. Thus increase efficiency of industry.  

Description : Explain with block diagram photovoltaic power generation.

Answer : Photovoltaic power generation:  Photovoltaic power generating system consists of following components: 1. Photovoltaic cell panel: Its function is to convert energy content of sunrays directly into DC ... . Step-up transformer: It step-up input voltage to utilization voltage e.g. 230V.

Description : List any two types of fuels used in electrical power generation plants.

Answer : Types of fuels used in electrical power generation plants:  1) Solid fuels: Coal, Biomass: Wood, Nuclear fuel: Uranium, Plutonium  2) Liquid fuels: Diesel, Petrol  3) Gaseous Fuels: Natural gas, Producer ... 2) Wood 3) Uranium 4) Plutonium 5) Diesel 6) Petrol 7) Natural gas 8) Producer gas

Description : In order to have a lower cost of electrical energy generation the load factor  (1) and the diversity factor should be low (2) should be low but the diversity factor should be high (3) should be high but the diversity factor should be low (4) and the diversity factor both should be high

Answer : In order to have a lower cost of electrical energy generation the load factor and the diversity factor both should be high

Description : Basic idea of generation 

Answer : Prior to the discovery of Faraday's Laws of electromagnetic discussion, electrical power was available from batteries with limited voltage and current levels. Although complicated in construction, D ... Therefore, area specific generating stations along with its distribution networks had to be used.

Description : What are the criteria for selection of site for hydroelectric power plant?

Answer : Following Factors to be kept while site selecting for Hydro power plant:  1. It should be located where high rain fall occurs. 2. A large catchments area must be available to store water. 3. It ... 12. Cost of land should be less. 13. Skilled and unskilled man power should be available nearby.

Description : What is the maximum value of power factor?

Answer : 1 is the maximum value of power factor.

Description : What is the purpose of the turbines in coal fired power plants?

Description : What is the largest power plant in the world?

Answer : japam

Description : What is the most common type of power plant?

Answer : Hydroelectric  power  plant.

Description : Explain the function of different parts of a typical nuclear power plant with neat sketch. 

Answer : Functions of each part of Nuclear power plant:-  1) Nuclear Reactor: In nuclear reactor the fuel rod of U235 is placed through which tremendous amount of heat energy is ... is mechanically coupled with steam turbine. 8) Alternator: It converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.

Description : With a neat diagram explain pumped storage hydro power plant. 

Answer : Diagram of pumped storage hydro power plant: Explanation: In this power plant, generator is so designed that it Converts mechanical power into electrical power and also works as a ... helps in reducing a reserve capacity of PP as it provides additional power during peak load period. 

Description : Draw a layout of a thermo-chemical based power plant. 

Answer : Layout of a thermo-chemical based power plant:  In this process dry biomass fuels converted to produce gas ,liquid fuels or oil by thermo chemical conversion Thermo-Chemical conversion are of following ways:- 1. Direct combustion 2. Gasification 3. Pyrolysis

Description : With a neat diagram explain solar photovoltaic power plant. 

Answer : Diagram of solar photovoltaic power plant :  Explanation:  Solar power plant consists of following components:  1. Photovoltaic cell panel: Its function is to convert sunrays directly into DC ... .  5. Step-up transformer: It step-up input voltage to utilization voltage e.g. 230V

Description : With a neat diagram explain medium head hydro-electric power plants. 

Answer : Diagram of medium head hydro-electric power plants:  Explanation:- If head of water is between 30 and 100 m, the plant is called a medium-head plant. Potential energy of ... Francis turbines are normally used. Alternator required in these plants is of low speed and large in diameter. 

Answer : Diagram explain solar power tower : All concentrating solar thermal power (STP) basic elements: Concentrator Receiver Transport-storage (a portion of the thermal energy ... with alternator which converts mechanical power to electrical energy Exhaust steam is condensate in condenser

Answer : Because of following advantages concentrating type collector are used in solar power plant: -  1. Temperature: Temperature obtained is high because absorber area is less and collector/reflector area ... results: As tracking system is used better results are obtain than flat type collector.

Description : List the types of turbine used in hydro power plant.  

Answer : Following types of turbine used in hydro power plant:  1.Pelton wheel 2.Francis Turbine 3.Kaplan Turbine 4.Propeller Turbine 

Description : The overall efficiency of Thermal Power Plant is equal to _______________ .  (A) Regenerative Cycle Efficiency (B) Renkine Cycle Efficiency (C) Carnot cycle efficiency (D) None of the above

Answer : The overall efficiency of Thermal Power Plant is equal to Regenerative Cycle Efficiency. 

Description : In a thermal power plant, ash is collected in

Answer : In a thermal power plant, ash is collected in hoppers or bunkers

Description : The rankine cycle efficiency of steam power plant is  (1) 60-80% (3) 30-45% (2) 45-80% (4) 20-30%

Answer : The rankine cycle efficiency of steam power plant is 30-45%

Description : In hydroelectric power plants  (1) both operating and initial cost are high (2) both operating and initial cost are low (3) operating cost is low and initial cost is high (4) operating cost is high and initial cost is low

Answer : In hydroelectric power plants operating cost is low and initial cost is high

Answer : In a power plant if the maximum demand on the plant is equal to the plant capacity, then plant reserve capacity will be zero.

Answer : An induction motor has relatively high power factor at near full load.

Answer : In a distribution system, in order to improve power factor, the synchronous capacitors are installed at the receiving end.

Answer : For a consumer the most economical power factor is generally 0.95 lagging .

Answer : The primary reason for low power factor is supply system is due to installation of induction motors.

Answer : For high value of diversity factor, a power station of given installed capacity will be in a position to supply more number of consumers.

Answer : Maximum demand on a power plant is the greatest of all "short time interval averaged" demand during a period.

Answer : Annual operating expenditure of a power plant consists of fixed charges, semi-fixed charges, running charges.

Answer : Power plant having maximum demand more than the installed rated capacity will have utilisation factor more than unity.

Answer : Approximate estimation of power demand can be made by load survey method, statistical methods, mathematical method, economic parameters.

Answer : Load factor of a power station is generally less than unity.

Answer : Load factor of a power station is defined as average load/maximum demand.

Description : Can a synchronous condenser improve power factor?

Answer : Yes, synchronous condenser can improve power factor.

Description : Active power and apparent power are represented by?

Answer : Active power and apparent power are represented by kW and kVA.

Description : How many watts does a power plant produce?

Description : How much electricity is produced by a power plant?

Description : In a power station, the cost of generation of power reduces when (A) diversity factor alone increases (B) both diversity factor and load factor increase. (C) load factor alone increases. (D) both diversity factor and load factor decrease,

Answer : In a power station, the cost of generation of power reduces when both diversity factor and load factor increase.

Answer : Hydroelectric power plant is expected to have the longest life.

Description : What is the value of capacitance required to improve power factor from 0.7 to 0.9. Given that: Real power = 50 W Vrms of the source = 120 Frequency = 50 Hz   #powerfactor

Description : What are the basic requirements of locating wind power plant ?

Answer : The basic requirements of locating wind power plant:  1) The site should be selected where winds are strong i.e. where pressure of wind is high and there is continuity. 2) Wind pressure ... the turbine which can affect the system's overall performance. 10)Possibility to connect to power grid. 

Description : Options: A) WATT B) AMPERE C) VOLTS D) OHM

Answer : Correct Answer: A) WATT

Description : What is the choice of size and number of generator units in interconnected power system?

Answer : Choice of Size and Number of Generating Units: 1. The size/rating and number of generating units in such way that they approximately match with the load curve as closely as possible. 2. In ... , if power plant is connected to grid system then generating unit of higher capacity can be installed.

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