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What is the use of signal flow graph?

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Description : What is the use of digital signal processing?

Description :  A connected graph has ‘5’ number of branches and ‘4’ number of nodes. It's rank is A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4 

Answer :  A connected graph has ‘5’ number of branches and ‘4’ number of nodes. It's rank is 3 

Description : The standard for long distance analog signal transmission in process control industry is (A) 4-20 mV (B) 0-20 mA (C) 4-20 mA (D) 0-5 V

Answer : The standard for long distance analog signal transmission in process control industry is 4-20 mA

Description : Why do we use automation?

Description : What is the significance of signal conditioner? Explain the need of following in mechatronics system. i) Isolator ii) Filter iii) Amplifier iv) Data converter

Answer : Significance: Signal conditioning means manipulating an analog signal in such a way that it meets the requirements of the next stage for further processing. Signal inputs accepted by signal ... -frequency converters, current-to-voltage converters, current loop converters, and charge converters.  

Description : What is the Laplace transform of step signal of 5 units magnitude?  A) 5s B) 5/s C) s/5 D) 1/s 

Answer : What is the Laplace transform of step signal of 5 units magnitude?  A) 5s B) 5/s C) s/5 D) 1/s 

Description : What do you mean by signal processing?

Description : What is a signal in science?

Description : What do you mean by signal and system?

Description : What are the advantages of a digital signal?

Answer : It  has   only   two  variable   input  and  output (low   or    high)   (0  or    5).

Description : What is the direction of flow when charging a capacitor?

Description : What are ways we can measure the flow of electrons?

Description : What is the flow of electrons from one atom to another called?

Answer : Electric current

Description : What is the direction of flow of current?

Answer : Current  flows  from  anode  to  cathode(opposite  direction  to  flow of  electrons)

Description : What is the direction of the flow of electrons?

Answer : Electrons  flow    cathode   to   anode  or  in   an  oposite  direction  of   convection  current  flow  or  holes.

Description : What is the direction of the conventional current flow?

Answer : The conventional current flow in opposite direction of flow of electrons. The electrons flow from negative terminal of battery to positive terminal of battery. And conventional current flow from positive terminal of battery to negative terminal of battery.

Description : What is the direction of flow of electric current in an electric circuit?

Answer : It  flows  from  anode  to  cathode  (direction  of   holes  flow)

Description : State different types of electrical signal and draw all types of waveforms.

Answer : Types of electrical signals 1) Sine wave 2) Triangular wave 3) Square wave Waveforms

Description :  basic characteristics of sound signal.

Answer : Level and loudness: The amplitude of a sound wave determines its loudness or volume. A larger amplitude means a louder sound, and a smaller amplitude means a softer sound. The loudness of a ... the reproducing system should be capable of handling the maximum and minimum power in the same ratio. 

Description : List different methods of demodulation of FM signal.

Answer : Balanced Slope detection Ratio detector Foster Seeley discriminator Phase locked loop demodulator 

Description : For a signal conditioner explain the terms linearization and signal conversion.

Answer : Definition :  1. linearization : Many primary elements produce nonlinear outputs and the signal must be linearized to produce a nearly ideal calibration. Specialized analog circuits such as offsetting circuits, ... signal. Even computer algorithms are also used. 2.Signal conversion :

Description : Analog signal

Answer : .embed-container { position: relative; padding-bottom: 56.25%; height: 0; overflow: hidden; max-width: 100%; } .embed-container iframe, .embed-container object, .embed-container embed { position: absolute; top: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 100%; }

Description :  If it takes a transmitted signal 1m sec to go up to the target and come back after reflection, how far is the transmitter from the target? A) 150 Km B) 150 m C) 15 Km D) 1500 m 

Answer :  If it takes a transmitted signal 1m sec to go up to the target and come back after reflection, how far is the transmitter from the target? A) 150 Km B) 150 m C) 15 Km D) 1500 m 

Description : In 8085, whenever a signal is received at TRAP terminal, its program execution is transferred to a subroutine on address A) 0000 H B) 002C H C) 0024 H D) 0004 H

Answer : In 8085, whenever a signal is received at TRAP terminal, its program execution is transferred to a subroutine on address 0024 H

Description :  If a signal band limited to fm is sampled at a rate less than 2fm, then the constructed signal will be A) Large in amplitude B) Small in amplitude C) Distorted D) Distortion less

Answer :  If a signal band limited to fm is sampled at a rate less than 2fm, then the constructed signal will be Distorted 

Description : The sampling rate to avoid aliasing for the signal m(t) = 100 cos 200ωt will be A) ≥1/25 sec B) ≥1/50 sec C) ≤1/25 sec D) ≤ 1/50 sec

Description :  An energy signal has G(f) = 20. Its energy density spectrum is A) 20 B) 100 C) 400 D) 800  

Answer :  An energy signal has G(f) = 20. Its energy density spectrum is 400 

Description : The time base signal in Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO) is  (1) A square wave signal (2) A sawtooth signal (3) A triangular wave signal (4) A sinusoidal signal

Answer : 2 Saw tooth 

Description : Integration of step signal gives (A) Impulse signal. (B) Ramp function. (C) Parabola. (D) Square pulse.

Answer : Integration of step signal gives Ramp function.

Description : Explain transformer isolated drive circuits providing both signal and power.

Description : Can you convert analog signal to digital?

Description : How does signal processing work?

Description : Why digital signal processing is important?

Description : Axial flow compressor 

Answer : Axial flow compressor : Working Principle: As the fluid enters and leaves in the axial direction, the centrifugal component in the energy equation does not come into play. Here the compression is fully ... the absolute velocity of the fluid and the stator converts this into pressure rise. 

Description : Draw venture meter and write steps to measure flow rate.

Answer : Venturi meter consists of three sections that is converging section, throat section and diverging section. The flow is introduced to the meter through the inlet with diameter D' . The inclined angle ... to 15o . Flow rate is proportional to the square root of the differential pressure.

Description : List variable flow meter. 

Answer : 1. Variable area : Rotameter 2. Variable head : a) Venturi b) Orifice c) Pitot tube d) Nozzle

Description : Why does the magnetic field flow from north to south?

Description : Does current flow through a capacitor ?

Answer : Imagine a pipe with a flexible diaphram in the middle separating two haves of the pipe. Now the pipe is filled with air. If you apply a pressure to one end the diaphram will deform ... capacitor, the effects on electrons will be recreated across the boundary. But theres no electrical connection...

Description : State advantages & disadvantages of electromagnetic flow meter.

Answer : Advantage: Provides wide linear range. 2) Ability to measure reverses flow. 3) Gives rapid response to flow changes. 4) No obstruction is created to flow. 5) It can handle corrosive as ... and pipe networks with relatively short inside diameters. 3) It is useful for electrically conducting fluid.

Description : Compare variable head flow meter with variable area flow meter.

Answer : Parameter Variable head flowmeter Variable area flowmeter Working principle Restriction or obstacle is placed in the path of flow to create a differential Pressure. The pressure ... viscous fluid slurries and dirty fluids. In laboratories and testing and production lines.

Description : Describe principle of operation of Doppler type ultrasonic flow meter with diagram. 

Answer : Diagram: Working:  The flow meter consists of a crystal transducer mounted outside the pipe in which flow is to be measured. This transducer is a piezoelectric crystal which ... , so the frequency of the reflected wave is shifted to particle velocity, according to Doppler principle.

Description : Define laminar flow and turbulent flow.

Answer : Laminar flow : When a fluid flowing through the pipe at different speeds (fast at center and slow at edges), and the fluid particles move in layers with one layer sliding over the adjacent ... successive cross sections, then this flow is called as turbulent flow. Reynolds no is greater than 4000 

Description : Classify hydro-electric power plants according to water flow regulation and explain in brief.

Answer : Classification of hydro-electric power plants according to water flow regulation of water flow:-  1. Large reservoir power plant 2. Run-off river (ROR) power plant with poundage 3. Run-off River ... depends upon rate of flow of water Initial cost is less Its purpose is to generate electricity.

Description : In load flow Study, a PV bus is treated as a PQ bus when

Answer : Voltage at the bus becomes high 

Description : Load flow studies involve solving simultaneous  (1) linear algebraic equations. (3) linear differential equations. (2) non-linear algebraic equations. (4) non-linear differential equations.

Answer : Load flow studies involve solving simultaneous non-linear algebraic equations.

Description : The current flow in a battery is due to ______ A) movement of ions B) movement of protons C) movement of holes D) movement of neutrons

Answer : The current flow in a battery is due to movement of ions

Description : The device which allows reverse power flow and withstands highest switch frequency is (A) GTO (B) MOSFET (C) IGBT (D) Inverter grade SCR

Answer : The device which allows reverse power flow and withstands highest switch frequency is MOSFET

Description : A Unified Power Flow Controller (FACTS controller) is a voltage source converter based (A) Inter-phase power controller (B) Static Compensator (C) Combination of series and shunt compensators (D) Solid-state series compensator

Answer : A Unified Power Flow Controller (FACTS controller) is a voltage source converter based Combination of series and shunt compensators

Description : The power flow problem mathematical model for a linear transmission network (A) is non-linear (B) is linear (C) considers time variation of generation (D) does not consider tap-changing transformers

Answer : The power flow problem mathematical model for a linear transmission network is non-linear

Description : Precise control of reactive current flow entering the transmission and distribution systems can be minimized by using (A) synchronous condenser (B) static VAR capacitor (C) capacitor bank (D) thyristor switched reactor in parallel with capacitor

Answer : Precise control of reactive current flow entering the transmission and distribution systems can be minimized by using (A) synchronous condenser (B) static VAR capacitor (C) capacitor bank (D) thyristor switched reactor in parallel with capacitor

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