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What is a safe distance from power lines?

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Description : Why is AC better for long distance power transmission than DC ?

Answer : ac is more economical to transmit for long distances . wires can be made smaller by step up transformer .. since major cost are wires to transmit .. then at the end of distance step down transformer is used for commercial use.

Answer : Power for lighting in passanger coach, in a long distance electric train, is provided through individual generator of bogie and batteries.

Description : State the effects of low power factor on efficiency and voltage regulation of short transmission lines. 

Answer : i) Effect of Low power factor on efficiency:- When power factor of load reduces current drawn by transmission line increases so copper losses in transmission line increases, hence transmission ... increases, so voltage drop in transmission line increases so regulation increases. (Become Poor) 

Description : Why don't we burry power lines underground ?

Answer : Because conductor used for power transmission are not insulated and if we do so it create phase to ground fault causing interruptions to supply.

Description : In tuned power lines, on load :  (A) the receiving end voltage is numerically equal to the sending end voltage  (B) the receiving end current is numerically equal to the sending end current  (C) there is no voltage drop  (D) all the above

Answer : In tuned power lines, on load :  (A) the receiving end voltage is numerically equal to the sending end voltage  (B) the receiving end current is numerically equal to the sending end current  (C) there is no voltage drop  (D) all the above

Answer : Overhead lines for power supply to tramcars are at a minimum height of 10 m.

Description : How many volts are in the power lines?

Description : Is induction heating safe?

Description : The standard for long distance analog signal transmission in process control industry is (A) 4-20 mV (B) 0-20 mA (C) 4-20 mA (D) 0-5 V

Answer : The standard for long distance analog signal transmission in process control industry is 4-20 mA

Description : State the classification of transmission lines depending on length of transmission lines. 

Answer : A) According to Voltage level: ( 2 Marks)  a) High voltage Transmission Line (HV) up to 33 KV  b) Extra High Voltage Transmission Line (EHV) above 33 KV up to 400 KV  c) Ultra ... Transmission Line: - The length of Long transmission Line is above 200KM and its line voltage is above 100KV

Description : Find out number of data lines required to interface 16 LEDs arrange in the 4 x 4 matrix form.

Answer : 4+4=8, eight lines are required for 4x4 matrix of 16 LEDs

Description : Why are overhead transmission lines not insulated?

Answer : Insulators are useful to help separate electrical conductors when they come into physical contact. Overhead Transmission Lines Are Not Insulated: The overhead transmission line is carrying extreme high voltage and ... a whole lot of thick insulation to absorb the heat produced by such high voltage.

Description : Define magnetic lines of force. Also draw and show magnetic lines of force of a bar type magnet.

Answer : Magnetic Lines of force- These are the imaginary lines (having no physical existence) introduced by Faraday for the pictorial representation of the distribution of a magnetic field.  OR  A line of ... that the tangent at any point gives direction of the resultant force at that point. 

Description : Define magnetic lines of force. Show the magnetic lines of force for bar type magnet.

Answer : Magnetic linens of force is the imaginary lines for magnetic field of magnet around it. These magnetic lines of forces are introduced by Michael Faraday. The direction of lines of force is from N-pole to S-pole. The figure shows lines of force for bar type magnet.

Description : In which of the following transmission lines, the value of the Shunt admittance should be approximated to zero ? (A) A 66 kV 35 km long line (B) A 132 kV 200 km long line (C) A 220 kV 300 km long line (D) A 400 kV 500 km long line

Answer : In which of the following transmission lines, the value of the Shunt admittance should be approximated to zero ? (A) A 66 kV 35 km long line (B) A 132 kV 200 km long line (C) A 220 kV 300 km long line (D) A 400 kV 500 km long line

Description : The purpose of guard ring in transmission lines is to  (1) reduce the earth capacitance of the lowest unit. (2) increase the earth capacitance of the lowest unit. (3) reduce the transmission lines losses. (4) reduce the reactance of the line

Answer : The purpose of guard ring in transmission lines is to reduce the earth capacitance of the lowest unit.

Description : A minimum clearance of 6.3 m to ground is required for overhead lines when operating voltages are :  (A) less than 66 kV (B) lie between 66 kV and 110 kV (C) more than 165 kV (D) lie between 110 kV and 165 kV

Answer : A minimum clearance of 6.3 m to ground is required for overhead lines when operating voltages are : lie between 66 kV and 110 kV

Description : Which of the following is the name given to the lines of electric force which move so that its beginning traces a closed curve on a positive surface and its end traces a corresponding closed curve on the negative surface? A) Tube of surface B) Tube of lines C) Tube of force D) Tube of electricity

Answer : Which of the following is the name given to the lines of electric force which move so that its beginning traces a closed curve on a positive surface and its end traces a corresponding closed curve on the negative ... A) Tube of surface B) Tube of lines C) Tube of force D) Tube of electricity

Description : Corona loss in transmission lines can be reduced by (A) using small diameter conductors (B) using bundled conductors (C) using less spacing between conductors (D) increasing the transmission line voltage

Answer : Corona loss in transmission lines can be reduced by using bundled conductors

Description : If a 5-bus test system contains 6 transmission lines and one transformer, how many non-zero elements are there in the system Y-bus ? (A) 25 (B) 12 (C) 11 (D) 19

Answer : If a 5-bus test system contains 6 transmission lines and one transformer, 19 non-zero elements are there in the system Y-bus.

Answer : Series capacitors on transmission lines are of little use when the load VAR requirement is small.

Description : Why ACSR conductor is used for overhead lines?

Answer : It has high tensile strength 

Description : A Unified Power Flow Controller (FACTS controller) is a voltage source converter based (A) Inter-phase power controller (B) Static Compensator (C) Combination of series and shunt compensators (D) Solid-state series compensator

Answer : A Unified Power Flow Controller (FACTS controller) is a voltage source converter based Combination of series and shunt compensators

Description : In voltage source converter based HVDC transmission system the active power is controlled by changing (A) phase angle of the converter ac input voltage (B) supply frequency of the converter ac input voltage (C) magnitude of the converter ac input voltage (D) DC voltage at the inverter terminals

Answer : In voltage source converter based HVDC transmission system the active power is controlled by changing phase angle of the converter ac input voltage

Description : Is more power dissipated in series or parallel?

Description : How can power loss be reduced?

Description : How do you calculate power loss?

Description : Why high voltage can reduce power loss?

Answer : when voltage has increased due to reduced current flow, thus power loss given by ( I^2R) will be low due to reduced current(I^2) provided that resistance (R) is constant.

Description : Why high voltage is used in power transmission?

Answer : The primary reason that power is transmitted at high voltages is to increase efficiency. ... The lower current that accompanies high voltage transmissionreduces resistance in the conductors aselectricity flows ... This means that thin, light-weight wires can beused in long-distance transmission.

Description : When the communication line run parallel to the power lines in close proximity  P. The electromagnetic effect produces current due to induction resulting its superposition on the speech signal of the communication line causing distortion  Q. The ... ) R only B) P, Q & R C) P & Q only D) P & R only

Description : What is the value of capacitance required to improve power factor from 0.7 to 0.9. Given that: Real power = 50 W Vrms of the source = 120 Frequency = 50 Hz   #powerfactor

Description : In a d.c. motor, the mechanical output power actually comes from?

Answer : In a d.c. motor, the mechanical output power actually comes from electrical input power.

Description : "Maximum power output is obtained from a network when the load resistance is equal to the output resistance of the network as seen from the terminals of the load". The above statement is associated with?

Answer : "Maximum power output is obtained from a network when the load resistance is equal to the output resistance of the network as seen from the terminals of the load". The above statement is associated with Maximum power transfer theorem.

Description : Pure inductive circuit takes power from the A.C. line when?

Answer : It takes power when voltage decreases and current increases.

Description : How does electricity get from the power plant to your home?

Answer : Electricity  gets  into   my   home  due  to  potential  diffrence  created   between  the  live   wire  and  neutral  wire.

Description : How to make power bank from laptop battery cells?

Answer : You can make the power bank from laptop battery cells. Things you need to make power bank from laptop battery cells: Laptop battery cells (about 6 in parallel) Universal Dual USB 5V 1A 2.1A New Hot ... If you have any doubt ask it. Thanks...

Description : If all the lines in the image below are of the same length but of different thickness and are drawn in perspective with respect to their distance from the viewer, which of the following statements will be TRUE ... and line 3 have same thickness D. Line 3 is the closest line of all to the viewer 

Answer : A D

Description : What are the basic requirements of locating wind power plant ?

Answer : The basic requirements of locating wind power plant:  1) The site should be selected where winds are strong i.e. where pressure of wind is high and there is continuity. 2) Wind pressure ... the turbine which can affect the system's overall performance. 10)Possibility to connect to power grid. 

Description : What are the criteria for selection of site for hydroelectric power plant?

Answer : Following Factors to be kept while site selecting for Hydro power plant:  1. It should be located where high rain fall occurs. 2. A large catchments area must be available to store water. 3. It ... 12. Cost of land should be less. 13. Skilled and unskilled man power should be available nearby.

Description : Options: A) WATT B) AMPERE C) VOLTS D) OHM

Answer : Correct Answer: A) WATT

Description : What is the choice of size and number of generator units in interconnected power system?

Answer : Choice of Size and Number of Generating Units: 1. The size/rating and number of generating units in such way that they approximately match with the load curve as closely as possible. 2. In ... , if power plant is connected to grid system then generating unit of higher capacity can be installed.

Description : What is need of regulated power supply?

Answer : A regulated power supply is used to ensure that the output remains constant even if the input changes. But sometimes main supply voltage, load, and surrounding temperature keep changing and altering the ... power supply is needed that will accept an AC input and give a constant DC output.

Description : What is the Power Supply specification for 8085AH microprocessor? A) Single +5V supply with 10% voltage margins B) Dual +5V supply with 10% voltage margins C) Single +10V supply with 5% voltage margins D) Dual +5V supply with 5% voltage margins 

Answer : What is the Power Supply specification for 8085AH microprocessor? A) Single +5V supply with 10% voltage margins B) Dual +5V supply with 10% voltage margins C) Single +10V supply with 5% voltage margins D) Dual +5V supply with 5% voltage margins 

Description : What would happen if a power transformer designed for operation on 50 Hz (frequency) were connected to a 500 Hz (frequency) source of the same voltage:  (A) Eddy Current and Hysteresis losses will be ... Current will be too much high  (C) Transformer may start to smoke and burn  (D) No effect

Answer : What would happen if a power transformer designed for operation on 50 Hz (frequency) were connected to a 500 Hz (frequency) source of the same voltage:  (A) Eddy Current and Hysteresis losses will be ... will be too much high  (C) Transformer may start to smoke and burn  (D) No effect

Description : What is the power factor when a single phase watt meter operating on 200 V and 5 A for 5 hours makes 2016 revolutions and the meter constant in revolution is 420? A) 0.04 B) 1.04 C) 0.96 D) None of these

Answer : What is the power factor when a single phase watt meter operating on 200 V and 5 A for 5 hours makes 2016 revolutions and the meter constant in revolution is 420? A) 0.04 B) 1.04 C) 0.96 D) None of these

Description : To protect the power transformer (Y-Y with neutral grounded) against fault, what type of connection do the CTs have ?

Answer : To protect the power transformer (Y-Y with neutral grounded) against fault, what type of connection do the CTs have ? Δ-Δ connection

Description : What is the maximum value of power factor?

Answer : 1 is the maximum value of power factor.

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