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String efficiency is used for measuring the degree of utilization of SCR.
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Description : method for improving string efficiency 

Answer : The Methods of Improving String Efficiency:-   1) By reducing value of ‘m’ or (‘k’) by using longer cross arm. 2) By Making of ‘m’ or (‘k’) equal to zero 3) By grading Insulator. 4) By Using guard ring.

Description : Give the classification of the errors used in measuring instrument & state the reason for their occurrence.

Answer : Types of errors in measuring instruments:  A) Gross error: These are due to mistakes on the part of person using the instrument.  B) Systematic Error:  i) Instrumental Error: These ... multiplying factor.  C) Random error: These persist even after gross and systematic errors are removed. 

Description : The number of insulator discs (each rated 11 kV) required in a suspension type insulator string of 220 kV line is 

Answer : The number of insulator discs (each rated 11kV) required in a suspension type insulator string of 220 kV line is 16

Description : List out any four effects of electric current used in measuring instruments & write name of meter working on it.

Answer : Effects of Electric Current used in measuring instruments:  1. Magnetic Effect: PMMC and Moving Iron type Ammeters, voltmeter and Dynamometer type wattmeters etc.  2. Electromagnetic induction ... . Electrostatic effect: Voltmeters.  5. Hall Effect: Flux meter, Poynting vector wattmeter.

Description : When measuring insulation resistance of cables using d.c. source, the galvanometer used should be initially short circuited because  (A) Cables have a low value of capacitance which draws a high ... high value of charging current (D) Cables have a low value of capacitance and initial resistance

Answer : When measuring insulation resistance of cables using d.c. source, the galvanometer used should be initially short circuited because Cables have a high value of capacitance which draws a high value of charging current

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