It is desired to connect five computers that are joined at a single point called central node. i) Draw the setup. ii) Name the topology. iii) State two advantages and disadvantages of this topology.
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Answer :

i. Setup: 

image

ii. Name of topology: Star topology

iii. Advantages of Star Topology

1) As compared to Bus topology it gives far much better performance, signals don’t necessarily get transmitted to all the workstations. A sent signal reaches the intended destination after passing through no more than 3-4 devices and 2-3 links. Performance of the network is dependent on the capacity of central hub.

2) Easy to connect new nodes or devices. In star topology new nodes can be added easily without affecting rest of the network. Similarly components can also be removed easily.

3) Centralized management. It helps in monitoring the network.

4) Failure of one node or link doesn’t affect the rest of network. At the same time, it is easy to detect the failure and troubleshoot it.

Disadvantages of Star Topology

1) Too much dependency on central device has its own drawbacks. If it fails whole network goes down.

2) The use of hub, a router or a switch as central device increases the overall cost of the network.

3) Performance and as well number of nodes which can be added in such topology is depended on capacity of central device.

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