Every circuit are usually more inductive than capacitive.it means that the current lags by voltage at small angle.hence we have to compensate this situation so we use Capacitor then this lag is compensate by leading current angle.total power =VI cos(phase angle)

Phase angle becomes low and the value of cos(phase angle) is increase and hence power also max.

Phase angle becomes low and the value of cos(phase angle) is increase and hence power also max.

answered
Jan 21, 2018
by
NITIN P. DESHMUKH

**Description** :

How can we improve power factor using synchronous motor?

**Description** : Why capacitors are used to improve power factor?

**Answer** : Capacitors generate reactive power instead of that drawn from source which is required by inductive loads.so it reduce the reactive current which is drawn from source to be drawn from capacitor.This control in Electric bills cost.

**Description** :

**Answer** : In a distribution system, in order to improve power factor, the synchronous capacitors are installed at the receiving end.

**Description** : Can a synchronous condenser improve power factor?

**Answer** : Yes, synchronous condenser can improve power factor.

**Description** :

Power factor of an inductive circuit is usually improved by connecting capacitor to it in?

**Answer** : Power factor of an inductive circuit is usually improved by connecting capacitor to it in parallel.

**Description** :

What is the value of capacitance required to improve power factor from 0.7 to 0.9. Given that:

Real power = 50 W

Vrms of the source = 120

Frequency = 50 Hz

#powerfactor

**Description** : The synchronous motor which works on leading power factor and does not drive any mechanical load is called?

**Answer** : The synchronous motor which works on leading power factor and does not drive any mechanical load is called synchronous condenser.

**Description** : Briefly explain how the power factor of an inductive circuit can be improved.

**Answer** : As we know that power factor should be corrected to ensure that the current supplied is cost friendly. Meaning the power factor should be around one but not greater than one(0.8-0.9) in a ... an inductive circuit due to the inductive reactance which oppose the change of current in the ac circuit.

**Description** : Discuss how power factor tariff results into energy conservation.

**Answer** : Power factor tariff results into energy conservation: i) Applying incentives and penalties according to power factor is an effective way, which enables consumer to improve power factor so that he can ... finally leads to reduction in the current drawn by the load and helps for energy conservation.

**Description** : How do you measure power factor?

**Answer** : P= 1.83*V*I*[email protected] where P is power V is voltage I is current COS @ is P.F [email protected]= P/(1.83*V*I) in other way cos @ = true power/apparent power

**Description** :

**Answer** : The value of starting capacitor of a fractional horse power motor will be 300 uF .

**Description** : 220kV three phase transmission line is 60 km long. The resistance is 15 Ohms per phase and the inductance is j 30 Ohms.
1- Calculate : voltage regulation, TL line power losses and efficiency when the line is suppling 315 MW at 0.6 lagging power factor .
2- Assume that, a capacitor can be installed with the load in parallel to correct (improve) the power factor for 0.85, calculate zise of the required capacitor and the same parameters which were in part 1

**Description** : State the effects of low power factor on efficiency and voltage regulation of short transmission lines.

**Answer** : i) Effect of Low power factor on efficiency:- When power factor of load reduces current drawn by transmission line increases so copper losses in transmission line increases, hence transmission ... increases, so voltage drop in transmission line increases so regulation increases. (Become Poor)

**Description** :

Draw and explain bulk correction method for power factor & control.

**Answer** : Bulk correction method for power factor & control: i) Here individual starter controls the capacitors located at distribution panel. ii) Centralized compensation is employed in large industrial plants where many ... capacitor units in steps to maintain P.F. more than preset limit (0.95).

**Description** :

State the incentives and penalties related with power factor tariff.

**Answer** : Incentives and penalties related with power factor tariff: In addition to basic tariff (Maximum Demand Tariff / KVA Maximum Demand Tariff / Load factor tariff) the tariff in which P.F. of ... industrial consumer/H.T/ commercial consumers with contract demand above 80 kw/ 100Kva/107 hp consumer.

**Description** : With a neat sketch explain working of 1 phase dynamometer type power factor meter.

**Answer** : Working of 1 phase dynamometer type power factor meter : The current coil is connected in series with load. Two pressure coils marked as A and B are connected across the supply terminals ... becomes stationary and the pointer shows steady deflection corresponding to the power factor of the load.

**Description** : State the significance of power factor.

**Answer** : Significance of power factor:- 1. Cosine of angle between voltage & current in a circuit is called power factor. 2. It is a measure of the real power in a circuit. 3. Inductive & ... KVA rating equipment 5. Greater conductor size 6. CosØ = R/Z CosØ= Active Power/ Apparent Power

**Description** : A transformer has negative voltage regulation when its load power factor is
(1) Zero (2) Unity (3) Leading (4) Lagging

**Answer** : Leading

**Description** : The power factor of dielectric :
(A) is a function of temperature of the dielectric only (B) depends only on voltage stress to which the dielectric is stressed (C) always constant (D) both (A) and (B)

**Answer** : The power factor of dielectric : (A) is a function of temperature of the dielectric only (B) depends only on voltage stress to which the dielectric is stressed (C) always constant (D) both (A) and (B)

**Description** : Power station having Load factor = 70%, capacity factor = 50%, used factor = 60%, maximum demand = 20MW then annual energy production is
(1) 122.8 GWh (2) 198.55 GWh (3) 128.2 GWh (4) 188.82 GWh

**Answer** : Power station having Load factor = 70%, capacity factor = 50%, used factor = 60%, maximum demand = 20MW then annual energy production is 122.8 GWh

**Description** : In a synchronous generator delivering lagging power factor load
(1) the excitation emf leads terminal voltage by the power angle (2) the excitation emf lags terminal voltage by the power angle (3) excitation emf leads the terminal voltage by the power factor angle (4) excitation emf lags the terminal voltage by the power factor angle

**Answer** : In a synchronous generator delivering lagging power factor load the excitation emf leads terminal voltage by the power angle

**Description** : What is the power factor when a single phase watt meter operating on 200 V and 5 A for 5 hours makes 2016 revolutions and the meter constant in revolution is 420?
A) 0.04 B) 1.04
C) 0.96 D) None of these

**Answer** : What is the power factor when a single phase watt meter operating on 200 V and 5 A for 5 hours makes 2016 revolutions and the meter constant in revolution is 420? A) 0.04 B) 1.04 C) 0.96 D) None of these

**Description** : The benefit of power factor correction in a power system is
(A) lower power consumption
(B) increased demand charge
(C) reduced load carrying capabilities in existing lines
(D) reduced voltage profile

**Answer** : The benefit of power factor correction in a power system is lower power consumption

**Description** :

The power factor angle and torque angle of a salient pole synchronous generator drawing a current of 1.0 pu from a lagging load are 45^{o} and 15^{o}, respectively. The direct axis and quadrature axis currents, respectively, are

(A) 0.5 pu, 0.866 pu (B) 0.866 pu, 0.5 pu

(C) 0.707 pu, 0.707 pu (D) 0.5 pu, 0.5 pu

**Answer** : The power factor angle and torque angle of a salient pole synchronous generator drawing a current of 1.0 pu from a lagging load are 45o and 15o, respectively. The direct axis and quadrature axis currents, respectively, are 0.866 pu, 0.5 pu

**Description** :

The input of an A.C. circuit having power factor of 0.8 lagging is 40 kVA The power drawn by the circuit is?

**Answer** : The input of an A.C. circuit having power factor of 0.8 lagging is 40 kVA The power drawn by the circuit is 32 kW.

**Description** : The power factor at resonance in R-L- C parallel circuit is?

**Answer** : since a rlc circuit at resonance behaves like a pure resistive circuit, i.e there is no phase difference between current and voltage, hence the power factor is unity.

**Description** :

Power factor of the system is kept high?

**Answer** : Power factor of the system is kept high to reduce line losses, to maximise the utilization of the capacities of generators, lines and transformers, to reduce voltage regulation of the line.

**Description** : Capacitors for power factor correction are rated in?

**Answer** : Capacitors for power factor correction are rated in kVAR.

**Description** : Poor power factor?

**Answer** : Poor power factor reduces load handling capability of electrical system, results in more power losses in the electrical system, overloads alternators, transformers and distribution lines, results in more voltage drop in the line.

**Description** :

Power factor of an electrical circuit is equal to?

**Answer** : Power factor of an electrical circuit is equal to R/Z, cosine of phase angle difference between current and voltage, kW/kVA.

**Description** :

**Answer** : The power factor of a single phase load can be calculated if the instruments available are three ammeters or three voltmeters.

**Description** :

**Answer** : In a dynamometer 3-phase power factor meter, the planes of the two moving coils are at 120°.

**Description** :

**Answer** : In a single phase power factor meter the phase difference between the currents in the two pressure coils is exactly 90°.

**Description** :

**Answer** : A power factor meter has one current circuit and two pressure circuits.

**Description** :

**Answer** : In a low power factor wattmeter the compensating coil is connected in series with pressure coil.

**Description** :

**Answer** : The power factor of a single-phase induction motor is usually lagging.

**Description** :

A synchronous motor has better power factor as compared to that of an equivalent induction motor. This is mainly because?

**Answer** : A synchronous motor has better power factor as compared to that of an equivalent induction motor. This is mainly because stator supply is not required to produce magnetic field.

**Description** :

**Answer** : The standard full-load power factor ratings for synchronous motors are unity or 0.8 leading.

**Description** :

**Answer** : For power factor correction, synchronous motors operate at no-load and greatly over-excited fields.

**Description** :

**Answer** : For a consumer the most economical power factor is generally 0.95 lagging .

**Description** :

**Answer** : The primary reason for low power factor is supply system is due to installation of induction motors.

**Description** :

**Answer** : For high value of diversity factor, a power station of given installed capacity will be in a position to supply more number of consumers.

**Description** :

**Answer** : Power plant having maximum demand more than the installed rated capacity will have utilisation factor more than unity.

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