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Induction motor

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Induction Motor

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•Inductor is a coil of wire which possess the property of inductance.

•Inductance is the property of an electric conductor which generate electromotive force (EMF) by changing the current flow.

•Induction is the production of electric or magnetic state without contact in electric or magnetic body.

•Motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy in the form of rotation.

•Motor consists of two parts one is stator and second is rotor.

•Stator is a stationary part and rotor is rotary part.

•Both the stator and rotor are inductively linked means there is no direct contact between stator and rotor.

•Induction motor is a rotating transformer.

•Machine is of two types one is synchronous and second is asynchronous.

•Synchronous means stator rotating magnetic field and rotor rotation is same and asynchronous means stator rotating magnetic field and rotor rotation is different.

•Electrical machine are of two types AC (single phase and polyphase) and DC.

•Induction motor is a asynchronous AC motor it may be single phase or polyphase.

•Single phase induction motor is not self starting motor and three phase induction motor is self starting motor.

•Single phase induction motor are classified as shaded pole induction motor, capacitor start induction motor, capacitor start capacitor run induction motor, split phase induction motor.

•Three phase induction motor are classified as slip ring induction motor and squirrel cage induction motor.

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Related questions

Description :

Split phase induction motor

Answer : Split phase induction motor : There are two windings used in split phase induction motor. It is a type of single-phase induction motor. There are two winding one is called main winding and ... motor have low starting torque it is used for small fans, blowers, centrifugal pumps, grinders etc.

Description : In a double squirrel cage induction motor, good starting torque is produced as (A) Large current flows through the outer high resistance winding. (B) Large current flows through the inner high resistance winding. (C) Small current flows through the outer high resistance winding. (D) Large current flows through the inner low resistance winding.

Answer : In a double squirrel cage induction motor, good starting torque is produced as Large current flows through the outer high resistance winding.

Description : A change of 4% in the supply voltage to an induction motor will produce a change of approximately

Answer : A change of 4% in the supply voltage to an induction motor will produce a change of approximately 8% in the rotor torque

Description : In an induction motor if the flux density is reduced to one-half, of its normal value then the torque will  (1) reduce to one-half (2) reduce to one-fourth (3) remain unchanged (4) increase four times

Answer : In an induction motor if the flux density is reduced.to one-half, of its normal value then the torque will reduce to one-fourth

Description : The speed of a three-phase induction motor is controlled by variable voltage variable frequency control (i.e. keeping V/f constant). As the frequency is reduced, the slip at maximum torque  (1) Decreases (2) Increases (3) Remains constant (4) None of the above

Answer : The speed of a three-phase induction motor is controlled by variable voltage variable frequency control (i.e. keeping V/f constant). As the frequency is reduced, the slip at maximum torque Increases 

Description : Torque developed by a three-phase, 400V, induction motor is 100 N -m. If the applied voltage is reduced to 200-V, the d'veloped torque will be

Answer : Torque developed by a three-phase, 400V, induction motor is 100 N -m. If the applied voltage is reduced to 200-V, the d'veloped torque will be 25 N -m

Description : The slip of 400 V, three phase, 4 -pole induction motor when rotating at 1440 rpm is 

Answer : The slip of 400 V, three phase, 4 -pole induction motor when rotating at 1440 rpm is 4 percent

Description : A 400 V, 50 Hz three-phase induction motor rotates at 1440 rpm on full -load. The motor is wound for

Answer : A 400 V, 50 Hz three-phase induction motor rotates at 1440 rpm on full -load. The motor is wound for 4 poles

Description : In a split-phase induction motor, the resistance/reactance ratios of windings are such that (A) current in the auxiliary winding leads the current in the main winding (B) current in the auxiliary winding lags the current in the main winding (C) both windings develop the same starting torque (D) both windings develop high starting current

Answer : In a split-phase induction motor, the resistance/reactance ratios of windings are such that current in the auxiliary winding leads the current in the main winding

Description : In a single-phase induction motor when the rotor is stationary and voltage is applied to the stator, then (A) the flux is constant (B) the flux first decreases and then increases in the same direction (C) the flux increases and decreases in the opposite direction with the same magnitude (D) current flows through the rotor

Answer : In a single-phase induction motor when the rotor is stationary and voltage is applied to the stator, then the flux first decreases and then increases in the same direction

Description : A 3-phase, 4-pole, 50Hz induction motor runs at a speed of 1440 rpm. The rotating field produced by the rotor rotates at a speed of ________ rpm with respect to stator field. (A) 1500 (B) 0 (C) 1440 (D) 60

Answer : 0

Description : An 8-pole, 50Hz, three-phase induction motor is running at 705rpm and has a rotor copper loss of 5kW. Its rotor input is (A) 5.06 kW (B) 0.3 kW (C) 100 kW (D) 83.33 kW

Answer : An 8-pole, 50Hz, three-phase induction motor is running at 705rpm and has a rotor copper loss of 5kW. Its rotor input is 83.33 kW

Description : The torque developed by any 3-phase induction motor at 0.8 p.u. slip is (A) Full-load torque (B) unstable torque (C) starting torque (D) break down

Answer : The torque developed by any 3-phase induction motor at 0.8 p.u. slip is unstable torque

Description : In a 3-phase slip-ring induction motor, the slip at some speed is 0.05. The speed is reduced by inserting an external resistance in the rotor circuit and the slip is 0.15. If the rotor winding resistance per phase is 0.2 Ω, the external resistance is (A) 0.2 Ω (B) 0.3 Ω (C) 0.4 Ω (D) 0.5 Ω

Answer : In a 3-phase slip-ring induction motor, the slip at some speed is 0.05. The speed is reduced by inserting an external resistance in the rotor circuit and the slip is 0.15. If the rotor winding resistance per phase is 0.2 Ω, the external resistance is 0.3 Ω

Description :

Answer : If starting winding of a single-phase induction motor is left in the circuit, it will draw excessive current and overheat.

Description :

Answer : If a single phase induction motor runs slower than normal, the most likely defect is worn bearings.

Description :

Answer : The rotor slots, in an induction motor, are usually not quite parallel to the shaft because it helps in reducing the tendency of the rotor teeth to remain under the stator teeth.

Description :

Answer : Speed torque characteristic of a repulsion induction motor is similar to that of a D.C. compound motor.

Description :

How is a three phase cage induction motor self starting?

Answer : Any type of induction motor is self starting. Because the reason for torqe production require two flux displaced by some angle theta.If theta is constant with time then torqe will be constant;if ... torqe also pulsating. In induction motor this angle theta is not pulsating.so it is self starting 

Description : How does a single phase induction motor work?

Answer : As we know that single phase induction is not self started because for self started we require atleast two revolving field but single phase induction motor has only one. So we provide extra ... 1phase IM classified as split phase IM, capacitor start capacitor run, capacitor start induction run.

Description :

Is induction motor is self starting?

Answer : Single phase induction motor is not self starting. Three phase induction motor is self starting.

Description : What is the definition of induction motor?

Answer : its working on magnetic base made by coils and its work with 1 phase or 3 phase ac or dc supply

Description : What is the function of induction motor?

Answer : while you give supply to motor its motor run on magnet base 

Description : At which time power factor of the induction motor is low?

Answer : The power factor of the inducction motor is low at the time of starting as compare to while the induction motor is running.

Description :

What is mean by plugging in three phase induction motor?

Answer : Plugging in three-phase induction motor means interchanging of any two phases of a stator for quick stopping.

Description : explain the working of single phase induction motor.

Answer : Stator has two winding namely main winding and auxiliary winding.when single phase ac supply is given to the motor,its produces alternating field.this field cut by a cage rotor.so some emf ... due to this emf,rotor flux produced.the interaction between two fluxes produce torque.so rotor rotates.

Description :

Answer : Capacitor start motor has high torque in starting

Description :

Answer : Induction motor is a AC motor it is also known as asynchronous motor .

Description :

Answer : if induction motor rotates exceed than its synchronous speed, it acts as a generator.

Description : Single Phase Induction Motor

Answer : Single Phase Induction Motor Single phase induction motor is mostly used in home, office, shop and many single phase appliances like pumps,  ... torque and silent operation. It is uses where silent operation is required.

Description : speed control methods of three phase induction motor?

Answer : Speed control of three phase induction motor

Description : Explain the working principle of induction motor. 

Answer : Working principle of induction motor: * When the motor is excited with three-phase supply, three-phase stator winding carries three-phase currents & produces a rotating magnetic field of constant magnitude and ... , which tend to move the rotor in the same direction as the rotating magnetic field. 

Description : Explain the activities carried out during weekly maintenance of 3 ph. Induction motor. 

Answer : Activities Carried out During Weekly Maintenance of 3 ph. Induction Motor:  1) Check belt tension. In cases where this is excessive it should immediately be reduces and in the case of sleeve ... and cooled by oil mist systems its important to check the oil mist flow paths/pressure components.

Description : State the function of following parts in Induction motor. (i) Stator (ii) Slip rings

Answer : Name of part Function Stator 1) Stator frame supports the core, terminal box and protects the inner parts. 2) Stator core houses stator winding. 3) Stator winding ... ) Provides facility to connect external resistance to rotor circuit through brushes for starting and control.

Description : List the energy conservation technique in induction motor. 

Answer : Following are the list of energy conservation techniques in electrical motors: 1) Reduction in iron losses by using low loss silicon steel core material laminated to thinner dimension. 2) Using bigger length ... at light load. 13) By rewinding in induction motor 14) By motor survey

Description : With a neat sketch give the working of shaded pole induction motor.

Answer : Explanation: It has squirrel cage rotor and salient pole stator. The stator poles are shaded partially by short circuited conductor band to create the phase difference between the fluxes emerging from shaded ... rotating magnetic field in the air-gap and torque is exerted on the squirrel cage rotor.

Description : Explain with neat circuit diagrams the procedures to perform no load and blocked rotor tests on three phase induction motor.

Description : Explain the need and steps to conduct the reduced voltage running up test on the three phase induction motor.

Description : What will happen if the induction motor runs at synchronous speed ?

Answer : Since there is always slip present in rotor it cannot run at synchronous speed no current will be developed hence no torque will developed

Description : Define Slip of Induction Motor.

Answer : Slip: It is the ratio of relative speed of rotor (difference between synchronous speed and rotor speed) to the synchronous speed of rotating magnetic field.  Slip = (NS – N) / NS  where , NS = synchronous speed, N = speed of rotor

Description : Explain the working of a single phase capacitor start induction motor. 

Answer : Single phase capacitor start induction motor https://youtu.be/31lvvzU5Puc

Description : State any four advantages of three phase induction motor. 

Answer : Advantages of three phase induction motor https://youtu.be/27OIOCKN05U

Description :

Answer : Energy conservation technique in induction motor by minimizing idle and redundant running of motor: 1) Loss of energy as the no load power drawn is approximately about 12% to 16% of rated ... to unnecessary line losses. 4) Reduction in overall system energy efficiency over period of time.

Description :

State and explain any four factors governing selection of induction motor.

Answer : The factors governing the selection of Induction motor: 1) Load torque required at normal speed matches with available torque of motor. 2) Break down torque or pull out torque or maximum torque ... If selecting energy efficient motor the cost benefit analysis over the long run must be worked out.

Description :

Explain energy conservation technique “by improving power quality” for induction motor.

Answer : Energy conservation method in induction motor by improving power quality: Electrical energy can be conserved by improving the power quality. It can be achieved by avoiding voltage unbalance, maintaining ... losses can be minimized by using harmonic filter thus reducing the harmonics in the system.

Description : State starters used for i) 3-Ph squirrel cage induction motor (3HP) ii) D.C. motor 

Answer : Name the starters used for following motors : i) 3 H.P. 3-Ph squirrel cage I.M: i) DOL starter OR ii) Star-Delta Starter OR ii) Auto transformer starter OR iii) Soft start starter.  ii) D.C Shunt Motor : 1) Armature resistance starter (Three Point Starter) OR 2) Four Point Starter 

Description : The rotor impedance of a slip ring induction motor is (0.1 + j0.6)Ohm/ ph . The resistance/ph to be inserted into rotor to get maximum torque at starting should be

Answer : The rotor impedance of a slip ring induction motor is (0.1 + j0.6)Ohm/ ph . The resistance/ph to be inserted into rotor to get maximum torque at starting should be 0.5 Ohm

Description : In a single-phase induction motor, the operating direction is determined by the ________ A) Rotor B) Stator C) Starting circuit D) None of these

Answer : In a single-phase induction motor, the operating direction is determined by the Starting circuit

Description : What is the slip (as a percentage) when a 6 pole single phase induction motor operating on 220 V and 60 Hz is rotating at speed of 1140 rpm? A) 60% B) 5% C) 10% D) None of these

Answer : What is the slip (as a percentage) when a 6 pole single phase induction motor operating on 220 V and 60 Hz is rotating at speed of 1140 rpm? A) 60% B) 5% C) 10% D) None of these

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